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SOME GENOCIDES, 19001950

The rise and fall of the third chimpanzee

Deaths / Victims / Killers / Place / Date

1.xxxxx / Jews, gypsies, Poles, Russians / Nazis / occupied Europe / 1939-45

2.xxx / Serbs / Croats / Yugoslavia / 1941-45

3.xx / Polish officers / Russians / Katyn / 1940

4.xx /Jews / Ukrainians / Ukraine / 1917-20

5.xxxxx / political opponents / Russians / Russia / 1929-39

6.xxx / ethnic minorities / Russians / Russia / 1943-46

7.xxxx / Armenians / Turks / Armenia / 1915

8.xx / Hereros / Germans / Southwest Africa / 1904

9.xxx / Hindus, Moslems / Moslems, Hindus / India, Pakistan / 1947


xx = 10,000 or more; xxx = 100,000 or more; xxxx = 1,000,000 or more; xxxxx = 10,000,000 or more

An unusually candid statement about the role of intent in genocide emerged when the Paraguayan government was charged with complicity in the disappearance of the Guayaki Indians, who had been enslaved, tortured, deprived of food and medicine, and massacred. Paraguay's defence minister replied quite simply that there had been no intent to destroy the Guayaki: 'Although there are victims and victimizers, there is not the third element necessary to establish the crime of genocide- that is, intent. Therefore, as there is no intent, one cannot speak of "genocide". Brazil's Permanent Representative to the UN similarly rebutted charges of Brazilian genocide against Amazonian Indians: . . there was lacking the special malice or motivation necessary to characterize the occurrence of genocide. The crimes in question were committed for exclusively economic reasons, the perpetrators having acted solely to take possession of the lands of their victims.


SOME GENOCIDES, 1492 1900 | The rise and fall of the third chimpanzee | SOME GENOCIDES, 1950 1990