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1

Kramer, Dynamic ofDestruction, 89.

2

NewYork Times, 29 1914.

3

Kramer, Dynamic ofDestruction,30.

4

, 1911.

5

19051906., - .

6

Lloyd George, War Memoirs, . I,52.

7

, Paris Exposition, 1900: guide pratique du visiteur deParis et del'exposition, - http://archive.org/details/parisexposition00pari

8

TheTimes, 24 1900.

9

NewYork Observer andChronicle, 25 1900.

10

TheTimes, 18 1900.

11

Lieven, TheAristocracy inEurope, 18151914,7.

12

Zweig, TheWorld ofYesterday,215.

13

Addison andO'Grady, Diary ofaEuropean Tour, 1900,30.

14

Zweig, TheWorld ofYesterday,26.

15

Dowler, Russia in1913, 1, .

16

Kennedy, TheRise andFall oftheGreat Powers, 4, .

17

Tylor, Primitive Culture,2.

18

Blom, TheVertigo Years,8.

19

NewYork Observer andChronicle, 27 1900.

20

NewYork Observer andChronicle, 11 1900.

21

(18611932) , .

22

Herring, From Colony toSuperpower,345.

23

Cronin, Paris ontheEve,37.

24

Zweig, TheWorld ofYesterday,216.

25

Weber, France: Fin deSiucle, 23031.

26

Blom, TheVertigo Years, 2658.

27

NewYork Observer andChronicle, 18 1900.

28

Kessler, Journey totheAbyss,81.

29

Hewitson, Germany andFrance,580.

30

Weber, France: Fin deSiucle, 2434.

31

Cronin, Paris ontheEve,36.

32

Weber, France: Fin deSiucle,243.

33

Andrew, Th'eophile Delcass'e, 136; NewYork Observer andChronicle, 1 1900.

34

Ridley, Bertie,338.

35

NewYork Times, 24 1897; Spectator, 26 1897.

36

RAVIC/ MAIN/QVJ (W) 22 1897 ( ).

37

Massie, Dreadnought, XVIII.

38

R"uger, TheGreat Naval Game, 200,74.

39

Massie, Dreadnought,XX.

40

Roberts, Salisbury, 6645; R"uger, TheGreat Naval Game, 1845; Massie, Dreadnought, XVIIIXX.

41

Kipling andPinney, TheLetters ofRudyard Kipling, . II,303.

42

Massie, Dreadnought, XXX; R"uger, TheGreat Naval Game, 1912; Roberts, Salisbury,661.

43

Cannadine, TheDecline andFall oftheBritish Aristocracy, 911; Lieven, TheAristocracy inEurope, 18151914, 205; Cecil, Life ofRobert, Marquis ofSalisbury,159.

44

Roberts, Salisbury, 812,28.

45

Tuchman, TheProud Tower,9.

46

Roberts, Salisbury, 71415; Tuchman, TheProud Tower,6.

47

Cecil, Life ofRobert, Marquis ofSalisbury,176.

48

Roberts, Salisbury,111.

49

Cecil, Life ofRobert, Marquis ofSalisbury, 34, 6,8.

50

Gilmour, Curzon,125.

51

Massie, Dreadnought,195.

52

Roberts, Salisbury,6.

53

.   . (marquis), (marquess).

54

,34.

55

B'anffy, They Were Divided, Kindle version, loc. 6086.

56

Cannadine, TheDecline andFall oftheBritish Aristocracy, 369.

57

Hamilton, Parliamentary Reminiscences andReflections, 18861906,253.

58

Roberts, Salisbury, 624,651.

59

,626.

60

,65.

61

, 647; Gilmour, Curzon,125.

62

Cecil, Life ofRobert, Marquis ofSalisbury,247.

63

Roberts, Salisbury,44.

64

, 4650.

65

,628.

66

Howard, ThePolicy ofIsolation,82.

67

Cecil, Life ofRobert, Marquis ofSalisbury,90.

68

.

69

Howard, ThePolicy ofIsolation,81.

70

, 7980.

71

Beesly, Queen Elizabeth,107.

72

Chichele Professor , ࠖ . (. .)

73

Burrows, TheHistory oftheForeign Policy ofGreat Britain, 34; Otte, Almost aLaw ofNature?, 756.

74

R"uger, TheGreat Naval Game,179.

75

Steiner andNeilson, Britain andtheOrigins,19.

76

..

77

Kennedy, Rise oftheAnglo-German Antagonism,229.

78

Roberts, Salisbury, 4956.

79

,692.

80

, 61516; Herring, From Colony toSuperpower, 3078.

81

, , .

82

Cecil, Life ofRobert, Marquis ofSalisbury, 3,218.

83

Gilmour, Curzon,128.

84

Mansergh, TheCommonwealth Experience, . II,27.

85

Tuchman, TheProud Tower, 467.

86

,56.

87

Spender, ThePublic Life,81.

88

, , .

89

Massie, Dreadnought, 2339.

90

Spender, ThePublic Life,89.

91

Kennedy, Rise oftheAnglo-German Antagonism, 23032.

92

Roberts, Salisbury,748.

93

Taylor, TheStruggle forMastery inEurope,396.

94

Neilson, TheAnglo-Japanese Alliance,52.

95

Kennedy, Rise oftheAnglo-German Antagonism, 23031; Roberts, Salisbury,745.

96

Bond, TheVictorian Army andtheStaff College,191.

97

, , (Tianjin), (Qingdao).

98

Taylor, TheStruggle forMastery in // Europe,376.

99

,395.

100

Massie, Dreadnought,306.

101

Neilson, TheAnglo-Japanese Alliance,49.

102

Steiner andNeilson, Britain andtheOrigins,29.

103

Massie, Dreadnought, 308; Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times, 2356; Eckardstein andYoung, Ten Years attheCourt ofSt. James,227.

104

Nish, Origins oftheAnglo-Japanese Alliance,12.

105

ࠖ , - .

106

,13.

107

() 1907.  1901. ().

108

TheTimes, 4 1902.

109

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,240.

110

, 10:16.

111

Benson andEsher, Letters: ASelection from Her Majesty's Correspondence, . III,414.

112

Kennedy, Rise oftheAnglo-German Antagonism,119.

113

,104.

114

TheTimes, 4 1896.

115

Roberts, Salisbury,624.

116

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,195.

117

Steiner andNeilson, Britain andtheOrigins,21.

118

,195.

119

Kennedy, German World Policy,614.

120

Kennedy, Rise oftheAnglo-German Antagonism,234.

121

Massie, Dreadnought,358.

122

,259.

123

Kr"oger, Imperial Germany andtheBoer War,38.

124

- (18191901). Ӡ - , , 12651309.

125

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times, 2223.

126

Kennedy, Rise oftheAnglo-German Antagonism, 2467.

127

, 14.

128

Steiner andNeilson, Britain andtheOrigins,22.

129

Eckardstein andYoung, Ten Years attheCourt ofSt. James,112.

130

Kennedy, Rise oftheAnglo-German Antagonism,238.

131

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,231.

132

Carter, TheThree Emperors, 26771; TheTimes, 6 1901.

133

Lerchenfeld-Koefering, Kaiser Wilhelm II, 65, 58,34.

134

Beyens, Germany before theWar, 1415.

135

,14.

136

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times, 82, 1389.

137

Hopman, Dasereignisreiche Leben,125.

138

Hull, TheEntourage ofKaiser Wilhelm II,17.

139

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,162.

140

Lerchenfeld-Koefering, Kaiser Wilhelm II,11.

141

Zedlitz-Tr"ut-zschler, Twelve Years attheImperial German Court, 589.

142

Hopman, Dasereignisreiche Leben,140.

143

Epkenhans, Wilhelm II andHis Navy,12.

144

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times, 143,142.

145

Cecil, German Diplomatic Service,212.

146

Zedlitz-Tr"utzschler, Twelve Years attheImperial German Court,36.

147

Lerchenfeld-Koefering, Kaiser Wilhelm II,33.

148

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times, 82, 139, 148; R"ohl, TheKaiser andHis Court, 1516.

149

Zedlitz-Tr"utzschler, Twelve Years attheImperial German Court,69.

150

R"ohl, TheKaiser andHis Court, 1516; Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,148.

151

Beyens, Germany before theWar, 589.

152

Kessler, Journey totheAbyss,199.

153

R"ohl, TheKaiser andHis Court,13.

154

Wilhelm II, Reden desKaisers, 323.

155

Lerchenfeld-Koefering, Kaiser Wilhelm II,19.

156

Wilhelm II, Reden desKaisers,44.

157

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times, 2267.

158

Hull, TheEntourage ofKaiser Wilhelm II, 1516.

159

Schoen, Memoirs ofanAmbassador,138.

160

R"ohl, TheKaiser andHis Court, 234.

161

Ibid., 256; Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times, 734.

162

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times, 756.

163

Clark, Kaiser Wilhelm II, 12, 1618.

164

Carter, TheThree Emperors,22.

165

Zedlitz-Tr"utzschler, Twelve Years attheImperial German Court,233.

166

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . II,22.

167

., , Zedlitz-Tr"utzschler, Twelve Years attheImperial German Court, 184, 235,272.

168

Craig, Germany, 18661945, 2; Clark, Iron Kingdom, 55862.

169

Wilhelm II, Reden desKaisers,51.

170

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,126.

171

Hull, TheEntourage ofKaiser Wilhelm II, 313.

172

Herwig, Luxury Fleet,23.

173

Zedlitz-Tr"utzschler, Twelve Years attheImperial German Court, 378, 67; Clark, Kaiser Wilhelm II,120.

174

Fesser, Reichskanzler F"urst vonB"ulow, 467.

175

R"uger, TheGreat Naval Game,93.

176

Zedlitz-Tr"utzschler, Twelve Years attheImperial German Court,233.

177

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,119.

178

Wilhelm II, Reden desKaisers,56.

179

Holstein etal., TheHolstein Papers,175.

180

Clark, Iron Kingdom,564.

181

Craig, Germany, 18661945, 228; Cecil, German Diplomatic Service, 21112.

182

Lerchenfeld-Koefering, Kaiser Wilhelm II,23.

183

Herwig, Luxury Fleet,17.

184

Hull, TheEntourage ofKaiser Wilhelm II,31.

185

Langsam, Nationalism andHistory, 2423.

186

Herwig, Luxury Fleet,18.

187

Epkenhans, Wilhelm II andHis Navy,15.

188

,16.

189

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,232.

190

Craig, Germany, 18661945, 2445.

191

,246.

192

Cecil, German Diplomatic Service,282.

193

Lerman, TheChancellor asCourtier,1.

194

Cecil, German Diplomatic Service, 2812.

195

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,201.

196

Lerman, TheChancellor asCourtier, 8690.

197

Cecil, German Diplomatic Service,283.

198

Berghahn, WarPreparations andNational Identity,315.

199

Kennedy, German World Policy,617.

200

Kennedy, Rise oftheAnglo-German Antagonism,226.

201

,235.

202

Massie, Dreadnought,126.

203

Eckardstein andYoung, Ten Years attheCourt ofSt. James,33.

204

Massie, Dreadnought, 12930; Cecil, German Diplomatic Service, 2945.

205

Massie, Dreadnought, 124; Craig, Germany, 18661945,127.

206

Hewitson, Germany andtheCauses, 1467.

207

,147.

208

Craig, Germany, 18661945,249.

209

Winzen, Prince Bulow's Weltmachtpolitik, 2278.

210

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . III,100.

211

Winzen, Treitschke's Influence,155.

212

Cecil, Wilhelm II,51.

213

Epkenhans, Wilhelm II andHis Navy,17.

214

Winzen, Treitschke's Influence, 16061.

215

Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente,4.

216

Kennedy, Rise oftheAnglo-German Antagonism,209.

217

Epkenhans, Wilhelm II andHis Navy,13.

218

Ritter, TheSword andtheSceptre,110.

219

Kennedy, German World Policy,622.

220

McMeekin, TheBerlin Baghdad Express,14.

221

. 堖 .

222

Cecil, Albert Ballin, 1523.

223

Winzen, Treitschke's Influence,159.

224

Kennedy, Rise oftheAnglo-German Antagonism,241.

225

껠 , 1- - .

226

Carter, TheThree Emperors,105.

227

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,140.

228

,84.

229

Pless andChapman-Huston, Daisy, Princess ofPless, 2634.

230

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,180.

231

Eckardstein andYoung, Ten Years attheCourt ofSt. James,55.

232

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,265.

233

Massie, Dreadnought, 106. 49. Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,296.

234

,265.

235

Roberts, Salisbury, 4856.

236

Massie, Dreadnought,107.

237

Clark, Kaiser Wilhelm II,184.

238

Tuchman, TheProud Tower, 1314.

239

,132.

240

Mahan, TheInfluence ofSea Power upon History,28.

241

XVII. , 1- .

242

R"uger, TheGreat Naval Game, 2056.

243

Clark, Kaiser Wilhelm II,184.

244

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . II,367.

245

Epkenhans, Tirpitz, Kindle version, loc.345.

246

, loc. 3756.

247

, loc. 3915.

248

Beyens, Germany before theWar,129.

249

Massie, Dreadnought,165.

250

Steinberg, Yesterday's Deterrent,69.

251

Epkenhans, Tirpitz, Kindle version, loc. 934.

252

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,203.

253

Epkenhans, Tirpitz, Kindle version, loc. 3837.

254

, loc. 42731.

255

Herwig, From Tirpitz Plan toSchlieffen Plan, 535.

256

Epkenhans, Tirpitz, Kindle version, loc. 5925; Lambi, TheNavy andGerman Power Politics,147.

257

Kennedy, Rise oftheAnglo-German Antagonism,239.

258

Steinberg, TheCopenhagen Complex, .

259

Tirpitz, Politische Dokumente, . I,1.

260

Herwig, Luxury Fleet,35.

261

Epkenhans, Tirpitz, Kindle version, loc. 598601.

262

, loc. 43843, 46577; Herwig, Luxury Fleet, 35; R"uger, TheGreat Naval Game, 3743.

263

Epkenhans, Tirpitz, Kindle version, loc. 47983.

264

, loc. 52948.

265

Zedlitz-Tr"utzschler, Twelve Years attheImperial German Court, 1834.

266

Kennedy, German World Policy,620.

267

Fesser, DerTraum vomPlatz,184.

268

TheTimes, 16 August1902.

269

Williams, Made inGermany,10.

270

,11.

271

Geppert, ThePublic Challenge toDiplomacy,134.

272

, 1434.

273

Thompson, Northcliffe,45.

274

Steiner andNeilson, Britain andtheOrigins, 17881.

275

Roberts, Salisbury,666.

276

Kennedy, Rise oftheAnglo-German Antagonism,247.

277

,237.

278

,248.

279

Steiner andNeilson, Britain andtheOrigins,33.

280

R"uger, TheGreat Naval Game, 12,98.

281

R"uger, Nation, Empire andNavy,162.

282

Offer, TheFirst World War,82.

283

French, TheEdwardian Crisis andtheOrigins oftheFirst World War, 2089.

284

Thompson, Northcliffe,296.

285

Kennedy, Rise oftheAnglo-German Antagonism,416.

286

Offer, TheFirst World War,222.

287

, 2234.

288

, 15.

289

໠ , .

290

French, TheEdwardian Crisis andtheOrigins oftheFirst World War, 21112.

291

Thompson, Northcliffe,134.

292

O'Brien, TheCosts andBenefits ofBritish Imperialism, 18461914,187.

293

Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente,11.

294

Roberts, Salisbury,109.

295

Gardiner, Pillars ofSociety,53.

296

Massie, Dreadnought,404.

297

Gardiner, Pillars ofSociety,54.

298

  , .

299

,56.

300

Massie, Dreadnought,408.

301

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow,14.

302

Gardiner, Pillars ofSociety,57.

303

,57.

304

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow,15.

305

,18.

306

Gardiner, Pillars ofSociety, 556.

307

Massie, Dreadnought,410.

308

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow, 79.

309

,33.

310

,36.

311

Herwig, Luxury Fleet,55.

312

, 545.

313

Massie, Dreadnought,485.

314

Herwig, TheGerman Reaction totheDreadnought Revolution,276.

315

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow,107.

316

Herwig, Luxury Fleet,50.

317

O'Brien, TheTitan Refreshed, 1536.

318

R"uger, Nation, Empire andNavy,174.

319

Gordon, TheAdmiralty andDominion Navies, 19021914, 40910.

320

O'Brien, TheTitan Refreshed, 150. 52. ,159.

321

Steiner, TheLast Years,77.

322

, 76,85.

323

III, II, .

324

Otte, Eyre Crowe andBritish Foreign Policy,27.

325

BD,. III, Appendix, 397420,417.

326

, 4034.

327

, 41516.

328

,419.

329

Stevenson, Armaments,101.

330

Epkenhans, Tirpitz, Kindle version, loc. 6959.

331

Herwig, TheGerman Reaction totheDreadnought Revolution,278.

332

Epkenhans, Tirpitz, Kindle version, loc. 8315.

333

Herwig, Luxury Fleet, 89.

334

,62.

335

Herwig, TheGerman Reaction totheDreadnought Revolution,279.

336

,281.

337

Steinberg, TheCopenhagen Complex,38.

338

Steinberg, TheNovelle of1908,28.

339

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow, 11213.

340

Berghahn, Germany andtheApproach ofWar, 578.

341

Herwig, Luxury Fleet, 62; Epkenhans, Tirpitz, Kindle version, loc. 7647.

342

Massie, Dreadnought,701.

343

Epkenhans, Tirpitz, Kindle version, loc. 81317.

344

Ritter, TheSword andtheSceptre, 298n76.

345

Steinberg, TheNovelle of1908, 26,36.

346

,39.

347

Epkenhans, Tirpitz, Kindle version, loc. 74956.

348

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow, 14042.

349

Epkenhans, Tirpitz, Kindle version, loc. 75861.

350

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . I,357.

351

Thompson, Northcliffe,153.

352

砫 . , -.

353

, .

354

堖 -.

355

BD,. VI,117, 18490; B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . I,35860.

356

Steinberg, TheNovelle of1908, 412.

357

Hopman, Dasereignisreiche Leben,152.

358

Otte, AnAltogetherby, TheRoad toVerdun, 169. Unfortunate Affair, 297301.

359

, 3012.

360

, 3057,314.

361

Clark, Kaiser Wilhelm II, 23940.

362

Otte, AnAltogether Unfortunate Affair,329.

363

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,291.

364

Einem, Erinnerungen eines Soldaten,122.

365

Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente,7.

366

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow,156.

367

Cannadine, TheDecline andFall oftheBritish Aristocracy, 489; Grigg, Lloyd George, 2038,223.

368

Kennedy, Rise oftheAnglo-German Antagonism,423.

369

- - , , , .

370

Eubank, TheFashoda Crisis Re-examined, 1458.

371

Andrew, Th'eophile Delcass'e,45.

372

Tombs andTombs, That Sweet Enemy, 4289; Roberts, Salisbury, 702; Eubank, TheFashoda Crisis Re-examined, 1467.

373

Tombs,126.

374

Thompson, Northcliffe, 557.

375

Roberts, Salisbury, 7068.

376

Mayne etal., Cross Channel Currents,5.

377

BD,. I,300,242.

378

Mayne etal., Cross Channel Currents,5.

379

Kennedy, Rise oftheAnglo-German Antagonism,234.

380

Eckardstein andYoung, Ten Years attheCourt ofSt. James,228.

381

Rich, TheTsar's Colonels,88.

382

Weber, France: Fin deSiucle, 1056.

383

Ousby, TheRoad toVerdun, 1689.

384

Weber, France: Fin deSiucle,106.

385

Joly, LaFrance et laRevanche, .

386

Porch, TheMarch totheMarne,55.

387

Ous

388

, 1224.

389

Barclay, Thirty Years,135.

390

Weber, France: Fin deSiucle, 1214.

391

Ousby, TheRoad toVerdun,120.

392

Hayne, French Foreign Office, 2840; Keiger, France andtheOrigins, 259.

393

Hayne, French Foreign Office, 389.

394

Porch, TheMarch totheMarne, 83, 21821, 25052 .

395

Tombs andTombs, That Sweet Enemy,426.

396

, 4267.

397

Barclay, Thirty Years, 14041.

398

Lincoln, InWar's Dark Shadow,17.

399

Keiger, France andtheOrigins, 1112; Fuller, Strategy andPower inRussia, 3534.

400

Sanborn, Education forWar andPeace, 21314.

401

BD,. II,35, 2858.

402

Andrew, Th'eophile Delcass'e, 110.

403

Hayne, TheQuai d'Orsay,430.

404

Andrew, Th'eophile Delcass'e,67.

405

,90.

406

, 1819.

407

,54.

408

, 24,91.

409

,191.

410

Monger, TheEnd ofIsolation, 1045.

411

Andrew, Th'eo phile Delcass'e, 190, 1967.

412

,181.

413

Hayne, French Foreign Office,109.

414

Eubank, Paul Cambon,65.

415

Hayne, French Foreign Office,103.

416

Eubank, Paul Cambon,95.

417

,209.

418

, 65, 68; Hayne, French Foreign Office,103.

419

Andrew, Th'eophile Delcass'e, 1867.

420

Nicolson, Portrait ofaDiplomatist,86.

421

,84.

422

Andrew, Th'eophile Delcass'e,186.

423

Monger, TheEnd ofIsolation,772.

424

Andrew, Th'eophile Delcass'e, 2078.

425

Cronin, Paris ontheEve, 63; Tombs andTombs, That Sweet Enemy, 43941; Mayne etal., Cross Channel Currents, 1416.

426

Andrew, Th'eophile Delcass'e,209.

427

Hayne, French Foreign Office,94.

428

Andrew, Th'eophile Delcass'e, 21214; Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy, 1013.

429

Eubank, Paul Cambon,87.

430

Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy, 27; Weinroth, TheBritish Radicals, 6578.

431

Clark, Kaiser Wilhelm II,192.

432

Fischer, War ofIllusions, 524.

433

Sharp, Anglo-French Relations,18.

434

Lloyd George, War Memoirs, . I,3.

435

Scarborough Evening News, 24 1904.

436

Neilson, Britain andtheLast Tsar, 2558.

437

9.

438

, 5045 , 803 6016 . 117 538 .

439

Herring, From Colony toSuperpower, 36061.

440

McDonald, United Government, 7071.

441

KleMemories ofaShipwrecked World,176.

442

Lincoln, InWar's Dark Shadow,224.

443

McDonald, United Government, 71; Lincoln, InWar's Dark Shadow,225.

444

McDonald, United Government, 71,73.

445

Lieven, Nicholas II,144.

446

Figes, APeople's Tragedy, 17986.

447

Lieven, Nicholas II,149.

448

Airapetov, Generalui,12.

449

Figes, APeople's Tragedy,16.

450

, III .

451

Lieven, Nicholas II,39.

452

McDonald, United Government, 16n39.

453

,16.

454

Izvol'skiTheMemoirs ofAlexander Iswolsky, 270n.

455

Carter, TheThree Emperors, 6471; Lieven, Nicholas II, 4042, 589, 1667.

456

Carter, TheThree Emperors,69.

457

Steinberg, All theTsar's Men, 2931. 21. ,30.

458

Lincoln, InWar's Dark Shadow,33.

459

Lieven, Nicholas II,42.

460

Neklyudov, Diplomatic Reminiscences,4.

461

McDonald, United Government, 656.

462

Neilson, Britain andtheLast Tsar,70.

463

Carter, TheThree Emperors,225.

464

Lieven, Nicholas II,64.

465

,71.

466

,141.

467

Neilson, Britain andtheLast Tsar,62.

468

Lieven, Nicholas II,102.

469

McDonald, United Government,70.

470

,70.

471

, 73 2 3.

472

, 4041.

473

Radziwill, Behind theVeil,226.

474

Lieven, Nicholas II, 656.

475

KleMemories ofaShipwrecked World, 21112.

476

Radziwill, Behind theVeil,230.

477

Lieven, Nicholas II,227.

478

, 55n8.

479

Carter, TheThree Emperors,221.

480

Neilson, Britain andtheLast Tsar,55.

481

Lieven, Nicholas II, 149; Figes, APeople's Tragedy,191.

482

Radziwill, Behind theVeil, 357; Lincoln, InWar's Dark Shadow,343.

483

Figes, APeople's Tragedy, 230; Radziwill, Behind theVeil,361.

484

Lieven, Russia andtheOrigins, 234.

485

Fuller, Strategy andPower inRussia,415.

486

Szamuely, TheRussian Tradition,19.

487

Robert Chandler, Searching foraSaviour, Spectator (London), 31 2012.

488

Kennan, Siberia andtheExile System,55.

489

Dowler, Russia in1913,198.

490

Vinogradov, 1914 God: ?,162.

491

Fuller, Strategy andPower inRussia,378.

492

Neilson, Britain andtheLast Tsar, 86 .3.

493

Weinroth, TheBritish Radicals, 66570.

494

Gilmour, Curzon,201.

495

, , .

496

Hinsley, British Foreign Policy under Sir Edward Grey, 1356.

497

Fuller, Strategy andPower inRussia, 3645; Neilson, Britain andtheLast Tsar, 11315.

498

Jusserand, What Me Befell,203.

499

Lieven, Russia andtheOrigins,6.

500

Stevenson, Armaments,53.

501

Lieven, Pro-Germans andRussian Foreign Policy,38.

502

Airapetov, Generalui, 1011.

503

Fuller, Strategy andPower inRussia, 37982.

504

,404.

505

Lieven, Pro-Germans andRussian Foreign Policy, 412.

506

Spring, Russia andtheFranco-Russian Alliance, .

507

,569.

508

Soroka, Debating Russia's Choice,14.

509

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,33.

510

Taube, LaPolitique russe d'avant-guerre,15.

511

,43.

512

Soroka, Debating Russia's Choice,11.

513

,4.

514

Carter, TheThree Emperors,138.

515

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . I,159.

516

Lieven, Pro-Germans andRussian Foreign Policy, 435.

517

Levine andGrant, TheKaiser's Letters totheTsar, 118,120.

518

Andrew, Th'eophile Delcass'e, 25052.

519

Carter, TheThree Emperors,130.

520

Cecil, Wilhelm II,14.

521

.

522

Carter, TheThree Emperors, 185; B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . II,146.

523

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,248.

524

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . I,15960; B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . II,1523; McDonald, United Government andForeign Policy inRussia, 789.

525

Levine andGrant, TheKaiser's Letters totheTsar, 1914.

526

Lerman, TheChancellor asCourtier, 12830.

527

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . I,161.

528

Hopman, Dasereignisreiche Leben,144.

529

Lieven, Nicholas II,192.

530

BD,. IV,205, 21920.

531

Neilson, Britain andtheLast Tsar, 1023.

532

Taube, LaPolitique russe d'avantguerre,90.

533

,101.

534

Soroka, Debating Russia's Choice,15.

535

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,49.

536

Cs'aky, VomGeachteten zumGe"achteten,67.

537

 : Jel'ai regrett'e tous les jours, mais je m'en f'elicit'e toutes les nuits. B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . II,325.

538

Radziwill, Behind theVeil,380.

539

Taube, LaPolitique russe d'avant-guerre,105.

540

BD,. IV,219, 2356.

541

Fuller, Strategy andPower inRussia,416.

542

Soroka, Debating Russia's Choice,3.

543

XIX. .

544

Taube, LaPolitique russe d'avantguerre, 103. 106. Nicolson, Portrait ofaDiplomatist, 1835. 107. Hinsley, British Foreign Policy under Sir Edward Grey,158.

545

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . II,352.

546

Menning andMenning, Baseless Allegations,373.

547

Grey, Twenty-five Years, . I,154.

548

Spring, Russia andtheFranco-Russian Alliance,584.

549

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . I,189.

550

Geiss, Deutschland und "Osterreich-Ungarn,386.

551

Angelow, DerZweibund zwischen Politischer, 58; Snyder, TheIdeology oftheOffensive,107.

552

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . II,367.

553

,362.

554

Stevenson, Armaments,4.

555

Stone, Europe Transformed,315.

556

-, , , . (. .)

557

. XVII, . (. .)

558

Redlich, Emperor Francis Joseph,40.

559

Palmer, Twilight oftheHabsburgs,23.

560

Margutti, TheEmperor Francis Joseph, 267.

561

,50.

562

Palmer, Twilight oftheHabsburgs, 23031.

563

Margutti, TheEmperor Francis Joseph, 3550; Redlich, Emperor Francis Joseph, 1718,188.

564

Palmer, Twilight oftheHabsburgs,172.

565

Margutti, TheEmperor Francis Joseph, 456.

566

,52.

567

86, . (. .)

568

. (. .)

569

Palmer, Twilight oftheHabsburgs,265.

570

.

571

RAVIC/MAIN/QVJ (W) 4 1874 ( ).

572

Margutti, TheEmperor Francis Joseph,48.

573

Leslie, TheAntecedents, 30910; Williamson, Influence, Power, andthePolicy Process,419.

574

Lukacs, Budapest 1900, 4950, 10812.

575

De'ak, Beyond Nationalism,69.

576

Vermes, Istv'an Tisza,102.

577

Freud, Civilization andIts Discontents,61.

578

Steed, Through Thirty Years, . I,196.

579

Wank, Pessimism intheAustrian Establishment,299.

580

; Johnston, TheAustrian Mind,47.

581

Boyer, TheEnd ofanOld Regime, 1779; Stone, Europe Transformed, 304; Johnston, TheAustrian Mind, 48; Urbas, Schicksale undSchatten, 77; Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo,254.

582

Boyer, TheEnd ofanOld Regime, 1747; Palmer, Twilight oftheHabsburgs, 291; Stone, Europe Transformed, 316; Stevenson, Armaments, 4; Williamson, Austria-Hungary, 446.

583

Palmer, Twilight oftheHabsburgs,293.

584

Czernin, IntheWorld War, 46; Macartney, TheHabsburg Empire, 746; Steed, Through Thirty Years, 367; Wank, TheArchduke andAehrenthal,86.

585

.

586

Steed, Through Thirty Years, . I,367; Bridge, TheHabsburg Monarchy,7.

587

Czernin, IntheWorld War,48.

588

, 50; Afflerbach, DerDreibund, 5967.

589

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,389.

590

Aehrenthal, AusdemNachlass, 17980.

591

Bridge, Tarde Venientibus Ossa, .

592

Sondhaus, Franz Conrad vonH"otzendorf, 824; Ritter, TheSword andtheSceptre,229.

593

(18521921) , , .

594

Hoetzendorf, Mein Leben mitConrad vonH"otzendorf, 1745.

595

Sondhaus, Franz Conrad vonH"otzendorf, 734.

596

Hoetzendorf, Mein Leben mitConrad vonH"otzendorf, 66; Sondhaus, Franz Conrad vonH"otzendorf, 89,104.

597

Hoetzendorf, Mein Leben mitConrad vonH"otzendorf,30.

598

,210.

599

, 31; Sondhaus, Franz Conrad vonH"otzendorf, 111; Williamson, Austria-Hungary, 4950.

600

Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo,440.

601

,267.

602

Bosworth, Italy andtheApproach, 557.

603

Herwig, Disjointed Allies, 271; Angelow, DerZweibund zwischen Politischer, 34; Margutti, TheEmperor Francis Joseph, 22028; Williamson, Austria-Hungary,36.

604

Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo, 2545, 4278; Margutti, TheEmperor Francis Joseph, 127,228.

605

Musulin, DasHaus am Ballplatz, 80; Stevenson, Armaments, 389; Williamson, Austria-Hungary,114.

606

Bridge, Austria-Hungary andtheBoer War,79.

607

Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo, 260; Steiner, TheForeign Office andForeign Policy, 1823; Williamson, Austria-Hungary,112.

608

Wank, Foreign Policy andtheNationality Problem inAustria-Hungary,45.

609

Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo, 2324; Jelavich, Russia's Balkan Entanglements, 21213.

610

Kessler, Journey totheAbyss,XXI.

611

Schorske, Fin-de-siucle Vienna, 21319.

612

, 3468.

613

Kessler, Journey totheAbyss,230.

614

Lukacs, Budapest 1900, 12932.

615

Offer, TheFirst World War, 1217.

616

,128.

617

Wank, TheArchduke andAehrenthal, 83n33.

618

Sondhaus, Franz Conrad vonH"otzendorf, 845.

619

F"orster, Derdeutschen Generalstab,95.

620

Offer, TheFirst World War,129.

621

De'ak, Beyond Nationalism, 1289, 1346.

622

Lukacs, Budapest 1900, 184n.

623

Weber, France: Fin deSiucle, 21820.

624

Offer, Going toWar in1914,217.

625

Kronenbitter, Krieg imFrieden,33.

626

Lieven, Russia andtheOrigins,22.

627

Neklyudov, Diplomatic Reminiscences,5.

628

Bernhardi, Germany andtheNext War,28.

629

Offer, Going toWar in1914,216.

630

Rathenau, Briefe,147.

631

Rathenau andvonStrandmann, Walther Rathenau, 1423.

632

Stromberg, TheIntellectuals, 115,119.

633

Tanner, Nietzsche, 4 .

634

Blom, TheVertigo Years,354.

635

Kessler, Journey totheAbyss,128.

636

Cronin, Paris ontheEve, 436.

637

,47.

638

Wohl, TheGeneration of1914, 67.

639

Blom, TheVertigo Years, .8.

640

Tuchman, TheProud Tower, 8897.

641

,106.

642

DeBurgh, Elizabeth, 3267.

643

Butterworth, TheWorld that Never Was,323.

644

Barclay, Thirty Years,142.

645

Gooch, Attitudes toWar, 95. 247.

646

Hynes, TheEdwardian Turn ofMind, 267.

647

Weber, France: Fin deSiucle,224.

648

,12.

649

Tuchman, TheProud Tower, 32; Blom, TheVertigo Years, 1845.

650

Travers, Technology, Tactics, andMorale,279.

651

Miller etal., Military Strategy, 14n28.

652

Steiner andNeilson, Britain andtheOrigins,171.

653

Hull, TheEntourage ofKaiser Wilhelm II, 1335.

654

Hynes, TheEdwardian Turn ofMind,201.

655

,199.

656

Gildea, Barricades andBorders, 2687.

657

Ousby, TheRoad toVerdun, 1556.

658

Bourdon, TheGerman Enigma,170.

659

Hynes, TheEdwardian Turn ofMind, 2867.

660

Blom, TheVertigo Years, 334 .13.

661

Leslie, TheAntecedents,312.

662

ߠ .

663

Gooch, Attitudes toWar,94.

664

Bernhardi, Germany andtheNext War,26.

665

Joll andMartel, TheOrigins oftheFirst World War, 2767.

666

Lukacs, Budapest 1900, 13032.

667

Schorske, Fin-de-Siucle Vienna, 13346.

668

Bernhardi, Germany andtheNext War, 578.

669

Berghahn, WarPreparations andNational Identity, 311ff.

670

Nolan, TheInverted Mirror,25.

671

Steiner andNeilson, Britain andtheOrigins,165.

672

Hewitson, Germany andtheCauses,92.

673

Eby, TheRoad toArmageddon,6.

674

Martel, TheOrigins oftheFirst World War, 28081.

675

Cannadine etal., TheRight Kind ofHistory, 1920, 234.

676

Langsam, Nationalism andHistory, 25051.

677

Joll andMartel, TheOrigins oftheFirst World War, 2745.

678

Bernhardi, Germany andtheNext War,57.

679

,20.

680

Berghahn, WarPreparations andNational Identity,316.

681

Cannadine etal., TheRight Kind ofHistory,53.

682

Roberts, Salisbury,799.

683

Kennedy, German World Policy, 61618.

684

Fischer, TheForeign Policy ofImperial Germany,26.

685

Joll, 1914,18.

686

Hewitson, Germany andtheCauses,95.

687

Thompson, Northcliffe, 1556.

688

Steiner, TheLast Years,76.

689

Ousby, TheRoad toVerdun, 1546.

690

Hewitson, Germany andFrance, 5745, 58081.

691

Nolan, TheInverted Mirror,56.

692

Herwig, TheMarne, 323.

693

Nolan, TheInverted Mirror,30.

694

Bourdon, TheGerman Enigma, 1634.

695

Nolan, TheInverted Mirror,58.

696

,61.

697

Gooch, Attitudes toWar,96.

698

F"orster, Facing People's War, 2234.

699

Ritter, TheSword andtheScepter,102.

700

Joll, TheSecond International,196.

701

Stevenson, Armaments,38.

702

Ferguson, ThePity ofWar, 313.

703

F"orster, ImReich desAbsurden, 21314; Feldman, Hugo Stinnes, 845.

704

Steed, Through Thirty Years,359.

705

Lieven, Russia andtheOrigins, 1617; Bushnell, TheTsarist Officer Corps, passim.

706

Airapetov, , 4458.

707

Ritter, TheSword andtheSceptre, 1023.

708

Bourdon, TheGerman Enigma,207.

709

Eby, TheRoad toArmageddon,4.

710

Howard, MenAgainst Fire,17.

711

.

712

Rohkr"amer, Heroes andWould-be Heroes, 1923.

713

Steiner andNeilson, Britain andtheOrigins,169.

714

Hynes, TheEdwardian Turn ofMind, 289.

715

Linton, Preparing German Youth forWar, 1778.

716

,167.

717

, 18083.

718

Weber, France: Fin deSiucle, 21517; Porch, TheMarch totheMarne, 20710.

719

Porch, TheMarch totheMarne, 923.

720

, .5, 1067; Harris, TheMan onDevil's Island, 3656.

721

Porch, TheMarch totheMarne, .7.

722

,189.

723

Clark, Iron Kingdom, 5969.

724

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,333.

725

Berghahn, Germany andtheApproach ofWar, 1748.

726

Gooch, Attitudes toWar,97.

727

Rohkr"amer, Heroes andWouldbe Heroes, 199203.

728

Stromberg, TheIntellectuals,109.

729

Urbas, Schicksale undSchatten, 678.

730

Kessler, Journey totheAbyss,581.

731

Stromberg, TheIntellectuals, 11718n37.

732

, 120; Weber, TheNationalist Revival inFrance, 1089.

733

Laurence, Bertha vonSuttner, 1845.

734

,196.

735

Blom, TheVertigo Years,192.

736

Laurence, Bertha vonSuttner, 1867; Joll andMartel, TheOrigins oftheFirst World War, 26061; LaFeber, TheCambridge History ofAmerican Foreign Relations,43.

737

Kennedy, Rise oftheAnglo-German Antagonism,293.

738

Rotte, Global Warfare, 4835.

739

Bloch, TheFuture ofWar,.

740

, LXXI.

741

,IX.

742

,XIX.

743

Travers, Technology, Tactics, andMorale,266.

744

Bloch, TheFuture ofWar,XVI.

745

,XI.

746

Dungen, Preventing Catastrophe, 4567.

747

Ceadel, Living theGreat Illusion, 4, 2021.

748

Angell, TheGreat Illusion, Kindle version, loc. 4285.

749

, loc. 9479.

750

, loc. 6334.

751

, loc. 1149.

752

Steiner andNeilson, Britain andtheOrigins, 142; Ceadel, Living theGreat Illusion, 812,22.

753

Offer, TheFirst World War,250.

754

Laity, TheBritish Peace Movement,189.

755

Cooper, Pacifism inFrance, 36062.

756

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . II,383.

757

Chickering, Problems ofaGerman Peace Movement, 46,52.

758

Chickering, Imperial Germany, 23953.

759

Wank, TheAustrian Peace Movement, 423; D"ulffer, Efforts toReform theInternational System,28.

760

Herring, From Colony toSuperpower, 35860.

761

Patterson, Citizen Peace Initiatives, 18792.

762

Herring, From Colony toSuperpower, 3578.

763

Chickering, Imperial Germany,345.

764

Cooper, Pacifism inFrance, 3667.

765

Morris, TheEnglish Radicals Campaign, .

766

Weinroth, TheBritish Radicals, 6612.

767

Kessler, Journey totheAbyss, 336, 3689.

768

Zweig, TheWorld ofYesterday,226.

769

Cooper, Pacifism inFrance,363.

770

Anderson, TheRise ofModern Diplomacy, 2535.

771

,255.

772

Morrill, Nicholas II andtheCall, 296313.

773

D"ulffer, Chances andLimits ofArms Control,98.

774

D"ulffer, Citizens andDiplomats, 3031.

775

Joll andMartel, TheOrigins oftheFirst World War,258.

776

Massie, Dreadnought,429.

777

Chickering, Imperial Germany,225.

778

D"ulffer, Citizens andDiplomats,25.

779

Laurence, ThePeace Movement inAustria,55.

780

Andrew, Th'eophile Delcass'e,121.

781

BD,. I,274, 2245; 276,226.

782

White, TheFirst Hague Conference,114.

783

Tuchman, TheProud Tower,252.

784

BD,. I,282, 22931.

785

White, TheFirst Hague Conference,8.

786

, 1819.

787

D"ulffer, Citizens andDiplomats,24.

788

D"ulffer, Chances andLimits ofArms Control,102.

789

Chickering, Imperial Germany,227.

790

,228.

791

Aehrenthal, AusdemNachlass,388.

792

Stevenson, Armaments,109.

793

Laity, TheBritish Peace Movement, 1712.

794

Laurence, ThePeace Movement inAustria,29.

795

Stevenson, Armaments, 10910.

796

Ceadel, Semi-Detached Idealists,166.

797

Charykov, Glimpses ofHigh Politics,261.

798

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow,133.

799

Chickering, Imperial Germany, 22930.

800

Steiner, Grey, Hardinge andtheForeign Office, 4345.

801

D"ulffer, Efforts toReform theInternational System,40.

802

Howorth, French Workers andGerman Workers,85.

803

Chickering, Imperial Germany,269.

804

Laurence, Bertha vonSuttner,194.

805

Joll, TheSecond International,107.

806

Craig, Germany, 18661945, 2679; Joll, TheSecond International, 8990.

807

Groh, TheUnpatriotic Socialists, 1535.

808

Chickering, Imperial Germany,272.

809

Joll, TheSecond International, 100105; Goldberg, Life ofJean Jaurus, 32930.

810

Goldberg, Life ofJean Jaurus,13.

811

, 635.

812

, 15, 375; Heinrich, Geschichte inGespr"achen, 3278.

813

Goldberg, Life ofInternational, 12643,197.

814

Porch, TheMarch totheMarne, 2479.

815

Joll, TheSecond International, 12643,197.

816

Chickering, Imperial Germany, 275; Haupt, Socialism andtheGreat War, 9091,107.

817

Haupt, Socialism andtheGreat War, 678.

818

,64.

819

, 912; Joll, TheSecond International, 1527.

820

Haupt, Socialism andtheGreat War, 1023.

821

Joll, TheSecond International,70.

822

Howorth, French Workers andGerman Workers, 75; Chickering, War, Peace, andSocial Mobilization, 1617.

823

Joll, TheSecond International, 4954; Howorth, French Workers andGerman Workers, 7881.

824

Haupt, Socialism andtheGreat War, 689.

825

, 6970.

826

Joll, TheSecond International, 1234.

827

Haupt, Socialism andtheGreat War, 646.

828

,77.

829

, 114; Goldberg, Life ofJean Jaurus, 4358.

830

Cooper, Patriotic Pacifism,171.

831

, 1657.

832

Chickering, Imperial Germany,317.

833

Weinroth, TheBritish Radicals, 676; Chickering, Imperial Germany,118.

834

Cooper, Pacifism inFrance,365.

835

Angell, TheGreat Illusion Kindle version, loc. 292830.

836

Howard, TheArmed Forces,217.

837

Stevenson, WarbyTimetable?, 1678; Herwig, Conclusions,232.

838

Howard, TheFranco-Prussian War,14.

839

Stevenson, WarbyTimetable?,167.

840

Bucholz, Moltke, Schlieffen, 1467, 229,232.

841

,150.

842

Stevenson, WarbyTimetable?,171.

843

Craig, ThePolitics ofthePrussian Army, 197n3.

844

Bucholz, Moltke, Schlieffen, 646.

845

Craig, ThePolitics ofthePrussian Army,216.

846

Moltke, Erinnerungen,11.

847

Herwig, Conclusions,231.

848

Showalter, Railroads,40.

849

Stevenson, WarbyTimetable?, 1923.

850

Evera, TheCult oftheOffensive, 736.

851

Hamilton, WarPlanning,13.

852

Herwig, Imperial Germany,90.

853

Herwig, From Tirpitz Plan toSchlieffen Plan,57.

854

Tirpitz, My Memoirs, . II,290.

855

Bond, TheVictorian Army andtheStaff College,133.

856

Kronenbitter, Krieg imFrieden,88.

857

Echevarria, Heroic History, 57390.

858

Echevarria, OntheBrink oftheAbyss, 313.

859

, . 頖 , .

860

Howard, TheArmed Forces, 2069.

861

Travers, Technology, Tactics, andMorale,268.

862

Welch, TheCentenary, 27394.

863

Bloch, TheWars oftheFuture,307.

864

, 31415.

865

Cairns, International Politics, 28081.

866

Bloch, TheWars oftheFuture,314.

867

Travers, Technology, Tactics, andMorale, 2734.

868

Burkhardt, Kriegsgrund Geschichte?, 724.

869

Mombauer, German War Plans, 52n10.

870

Snyder, TheIdeology oftheOffensive, 2630; Evera, TheCult oftheOffensive, .

871

Travers, Technology, Tactics, andMorale, 271n22.

872

Doughty, Pyrrhic Victory,25.

873

Howard, MenAgainst Fire, 1011.

874

Messimy, Mes Souvenirs,119.

875

Porch, TheFrench Army,120.

876

,118.

877

Gooch, Attitudes toWar,95.

878

Echevarria, OntheBrink oftheAbyss, 278, 3031.

879

Foley, German Strategy,41.

880

Howard, MenAgainst Fire, 810.

881

Cairns, International Politics,282.

882

Foley, German Strategy, 289.

883

Kiessling, Gegen denGrossen Krieg?, 4350, 139; McDonald, United Government, 199201; Kronenbitter, Krieg imFrieden,139.

884

Kronenbitter, Krieg imFrieden, 12631.

885

F"orster, Dreams andNightmares, 345,360.

886

Maurer, TheOutbreak oftheFirst World War; ., , .1.

887

F"orster, Derdeutschen Generalstab, 6195.

888

Cs'aky, VomGeachteten zumGe"achteten,137.

889

Mombauer, German War Plans,59.

890

Steinberg, Bismarck, 5760; Bucholz, Moltke, Schlieffen, 11013.

891

Bucholz, Moltke, Schlieffen, 12021.

892

,127.

893

Snyder, TheIdeology oftheOffensive,134.

894

Bucholz, Moltke, Schlieffen, 13031.

895

, 124, 12931.

896

Craig, ThePolitics ofthePrussian Army,277.

897

Echevarria, Heroic History, 585; Mombauer, German War Plans, 52n10.

898

Snyder, Civil-Military Relations,35.

899

F"orster, Dreams andNightmares, 35960.

900

Craig, ThePolitics ofthePrussian Army,277.

901

Herwig, TheMarne,33.

902

Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke, 100105; Snyder, TheIdeology oftheOffensive,117.

903

Bucholz, Moltke, Schlieffen, 3012.

904

Foley, German Strategy, 67.

905

Herwig, From Tirpitz Plan toSchlieffen Plan,55.

906

Craig, Germany, 18661945,317.

907

Ritter, TheSword andtheSceptre,206.

908

.

909

Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke,46.

910

, 426.

911

Craig, ThePolitics ofthePrussian Army,300.

912

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . II,2012.

913

Maurer, TheOutbreak oftheFirst World War,37.

914

Herwig, From Tirpitz Plan toSchlieffen Plan,59.

915

Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke,59.

916

Bucholz, Moltke, Schlieffen, 2235.

917

Kronenbitter, Krieg imFrieden,311.

918

Hull, TheEntourage ofKaiser Wilhelm II,240.

919

Kessler, Journey totheAbyss, 658; Foley, Debate theReal Schlieffen Plan,222.

920

Snyder, TheIdeology oftheOffensive,203.

921

Groener, Lebenserinnerungen,84.

922

Fischer, War ofIllusions,55.

923

Hull, TheEntourage ofKaiser Wilhelm II, 2589; Afflerbach, Falkenhayn. Politisches,79.

924

Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke,165.

925

Bucholz, Moltke, Schlieffen, 2634.

926

Mombauer, German War Plans,57.

927

Craig, ThePolitics ofthePrussian Army,280.

928

Showalter, From Deterrence toDoomsday Machine,696.

929

Snyder, TheIdeology oftheOffensive,152.

930

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . II,889.

931

Fischer, War ofIllusions,390.

932

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . II,845.

933

Fischer, War ofIllusions, 2259; Beyens, Germany before theWar, 368.

934

Mombauer, German War Plans, 4879.

935

Fischer, War ofIllusions,390.

936

Hewitson, Germany andtheCauses,118.

937

Herrmann, TheArming ofEurope, 967.

938

Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke,210.

939

Hewitson, Germany andtheCauses, 1313; Hewitson, Images oftheEnemy, .

940

Herrmann, TheArming ofEurope, 1323.

941

,84.

942

, 915.

943

Mombauer, German War Plans,57.

944

Herwig, Imperial Germany,71.

945

Herwig, Disjointed Allies,273.

946

Herrmann, TheArming ofEurope,101.

947

Gooch, Italy before 1915, 21122; Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke, 1679.

948

Maurer, TheOutbreak oftheFirst World War, 33; Herwig, Disjointed Allies, 2712; Ritter, Zusammenarbeit,535.

949

Herwig, Disjointed Allies, 271n9.

950

Williamson, Austria-Hungary, 878.

951

Kronenbitter, Krieg imFrieden,282.

952

Stone, V. Moltke Conrad, 2012 .

953

Sondhaus, Franz Conrad vonH"otzendorf,85.

954

Stevenson, WarbyTimetable?, 1812.

955

Stone, V. Moltke Conrad, 204n7.

956

Kronenbitter, Nurlos lassen,39.

957

Herrmann, TheArming ofEurope, 234,237.

958

Stone, V. Moltke Conrad, 21314.

959

Herwig, Disjointed Allies,278.

960

Menning, TheOffensive Revisited,226.

961

Armour, Colonel Redl: Fact andFantasy, 1756.

962

, 17980; Sondhaus, Franz Conrad vonH"otzendorf, 1247.

963

Stevenson, WarbyTimetable?, 1778; Heywood, TheMost Catastrophic Question, 46,54.

964

Menning, TheOffensive Revisited,224.

965

Menning, Pieces ofthePuzzle,782.

966

Fuller, TheRussian Empire, 109, 1224.

967

Shatsillo, Ot Portsmutskogo,199.

968

Fuller, TheRussian Empire,110.

969

Stevenson, Armaments, 1516.

970

Fuller, Strategy andPower inRussia, 42733.

971

Brusilov, ASoldier's Notebook,11.

972

Fuller, TheFoe Within, 468.

973

Turner, Role oftheGeneral Staffs, 317; Pal'eologue, Ambassador's Memoirs, . I,83.

974

Rich, TheTsar's Colonels,221.

975

Fuller, TheRussian Empire, 100101.

976

Spring, Russia andtheFranco-Russian Alliance, 5689, 5789 .

977

Menning, TheOffensive Revisited,219.

978

, , 1745; Shatsillo, Ot Portsmutskogo, 657.

979

Menning, Pieces ofthePuzzle,788.

980

Fuller, TheRussian Empire, 11112, 11821.

981

Snyder, TheIdeology oftheOffensive,178.

982

Fuller, TheRussian Empire, 11113; Menning, TheOffensive Revisited,225.

983

Fuller, Strategy andPower inRussia, 44041.

984

Menning, Pieces ofthePuzzle,796.

985

Menning, WarPlanning,121.

986

, ʠ ; Snyder, TheIdeology oftheOffensive, 18994.

987

Fuller, TheRussian Empire, 11011.

988

, ʠ ; Menning, WarPlanning, 1225.

989

Andrew, France andtheGerman Menace,147.

990

Ignat'ev, 50 , 39091.

991

Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik, 1823.

992

Ignat'ev, 50 ,392.

993

Messimy, Mes Souvenirs, 118n1; Porch, TheMarch totheMarne, 1845.

994

Porch, TheMarch totheMarne, 21623.

995

Tanenbaum, French Estimates,163.

996

Doughty, France,160.

997

Doughty, Pyrrhic Victory,26.

998

Doughty, France,159.

999

Becker, 1914, Comment les Francais, 43n174.

1000

Tanenbaum, French Estimates,164.

1001

Porch, TheMarch totheMarne, 12932.

1002

Tanenbaum, French Estimates,137.

1003

Doughty, France,154.

1004

, 154; Tanenbaum, French Estimates,156.

1005

Doughty, France,153.

1006

Herwig, Imperial Germany,70.

1007

Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik, 1657.

1008

Tanenbaum, French Estimates,163.

1009

,159.

1010

,166.

1011

Snyder, TheIdeology oftheOffensive, 1023.

1012

Tanenbaum, French Estimates, 17071.

1013

Doughty, France,163.

1014

Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy,226.

1015

Doughty, France, 1658; Doughty, French Strategy in1914,434.

1016

Doughty, France,165.

1017

Porch, TheMarch totheMarne, 2323.

1018

Messimy, Mes Souvenirs,179.

1019

Schoen, Memoirs ofanAmbassador, 20; Rich, Friedrich vonHolstein, . II,694.

1020

Schoen, Memoirs ofanAmbassador, 223.

1021

BD,. III, 71,62.

1022

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,255.

1023

Rich, Friedrich vonHolstein, . II,695.

1024

Hewitson, Germany andFrance,579.

1025

Rich, Friedrich vonHolstein, . II,6913.

1026

, 702n1.

1027

Hewitson, Germany andFrance, 5856.

1028

Rich, Friedrich vonHolstein, . II,68081.

1029

, 683,684.

1030

Morris, Theodore Rex, 3345.

1031

Andrew, Th'eophile Delcass'e, 26970.

1032

,272.

1033

Kaiser, Germany andtheOrigins,453.

1034

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . II,162.

1035

Kaiser, Germany andtheOrigins,453.

1036

Craig, ThePolitics ofthePrussian Army,285.

1037

Lee, Edward VII, . II,340.

1038

TheTimes, 31 1905.

1039

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow,116.

1040

Monger, TheEnd ofIsolation,192.

1041

,187.

1042

,190.

1043

Andrew, Th'eophile Delcass'e, 2878.

1044

, 281, 283,285.

1045

,286.

1046

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,265.

1047

Monger, TheEnd ofIsolation, 224 andn2.

1048

Nicolson, Portrait ofaDiplomatist,119.

1049

Andrew, Th'eophile Delcass'e, 2912.

1050

,299.

1051

, 2923.

1052

, 2967.

1053

,289.

1054

, 2768, 2789.

1055

, 296301.

1056

Weber, TheNationalist Revival inFrance,31.

1057

Monger, TheEnd ofIsolation,202.

1058

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . II,135,138.

1059

Rich, Friedrich vonHolstein, . II,707.

1060

Nicolson, Portrait ofaDiplomatist,122.

1061

Andrew, Th'eophile Delcass'e,303.

1062

Weber, TheNationalist Revival inFrance,32.

1063

Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy, 4041.

1064

,42.

1065

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow,117.

1066

Rich, Friedrich vonHolstein, . II,731.

1067

Grey, Twenty-five Years, . I; ., , 31 1906, 1769.

1068

Otte, Almost aLaw ofNature?, 823.

1069

Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente,13.

1070

Grey, Twenty-five Years, . I,128.

1071

Lloyd George, War Memoirs, . I,91.

1072

Gilmour, Curzon,26n.

1073

Robbins, Sir Edward Grey, 234,29.

1074

Massie, Dreadnought,585.

1075

Steiner andNeilson, Britain andtheOrigins, 412.

1076

Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente,35.

1077

Steiner andNeilson, Britain andtheOrigins, 423.

1078

Otte, Almost aLaw ofNature?,79.

1079

BD,. III, 200,162.

1080

Grey, Twenty-Five Years, . I,98.

1081

Rich, Friedrich vonHolstein, . II,733.

1082

Oppel, TheWaning ofaTraditional Alliance,324.

1083

Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo, 2812.

1084

Herring, From Colony toSuperpower,363.

1085

BD,. III, 401, 3378.

1086

Lerman, TheChancellor asCourtier, 1478.

1087

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times, 262; Lerman, TheChancellor asCourtier,144.

1088

Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,264.

1089

Otte, Almost aLaw ofNature?,83.

1090

Foley, Debate theReal Schlieffen Plan, 445.

1091

Craig, ThePolitics ofthePrussian Army, 2845.

1092

Joll andMartel, TheOrigins oftheFirst World War,197.

1093

Oppel, TheWaning ofaTraditional Alliance, 3256.

1094

Dumas, TheFranco-British Exhibition,4.

1095

Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy, 3840.

1096

BD,. III, 299, 2668.

1097

Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy,76.

1098

Lloyd George, War Memoirs, . I,4950.

1099

Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente, 857.

1100

, 936.

1101

Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy, 9092.

1102

Kennedy, Great Britain before 1914,173.

1103

Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente,125.

1104

Offer, TheFirst World War,303.

1105

Doughty, Pyrrhic Victory,39.

1106

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow, 3848.

1107

Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente, 126; Fisher andMarder, Fear God andDread Nought, . II,232.

1108

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow, 2467.

1109

Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy, 1067.

1110

Steiner andNeilson, Britain andtheOrigins,213.

1111

Neilson, Great Britain, 1835; Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy, 18793.

1112

Jeffery, Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson, 967.

1113

Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy,196.

1114

Porch, TheMarch totheMarne,228.

1115

Eubank, Paul Cambon, 114, 123, 155 .

1116

Doughty, French Strategy in1914,435.

1117

Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik, 13841.

1118

Jeffery, Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson,37.

1119

Williamson, General Henry Wilson,91.

1120

, 946.

1121

Callwell, Field-Marshal Sir Henry Wilson, . I,89.

1122

, 789.

1123

Andrew, France andtheGerman Menace,137.

1124

Callwell, Field-Marshal Sir Henry Wilson, . I,105.

1125

Keiger, Jules Cambon,642.

1126

Aehrenthal, AusdemNachlass,196.

1127

Di"oszegi, Hungarians intheBallhausplatz, 197200.

1128

Hoetzendorf, Mein Leben mitConrad vonH"otzendorf, 63,237.

1129

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . I,372.

1130

Kronenbitter, Krieg imFrieden, 24851.

1131

Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo,290.

1132

Wank, Aehrenthal's Programme, 52022.

1133

Aehrenthal, AusdemNachlass; see, forexample, 3858.

1134

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . II,371.

1135

Jelavich, Russia's Balkan Entanglements,217.

1136

Musulin, DasHaus am Ballplatz,57.

1137

Williamson, Austria-Hungary,95.

1138

Czernin, IntheWorld War,50.

1139

Williamson, Influence, Power, andthePolicy Process,431.

1140

Williamson, Austria-Hungary,97.

1141

Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo, 279; Bridge, TheHabsburg Monarchy, 18990.

1142

Di"oszegi, Hungarians intheBallhausplatz,200.

1143

Macartney, TheHabsburg Empire, 5978; Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo, 14950.

1144

Stevenson, Armaments,82.

1145

Jelavich, Russia's Balkan Entanglements, 240; Jelavich andJelavich, TheEstablishment, 2556.

1146

Jelavich, Russia's Balkan Entanglements, 239n53.

1147

Macartney, TheHabsburg Empire,774.

1148

Williamson, Austria-Hungary,65.

1149

Baernreither andRedlich, Fragments, 212.

1150

, 35,44.

1151

, 434.

1152

Aehrenthal, AusdemNachlass, 44952.

1153

,599.

1154

Bridge, Isvolsky, Aehrenthal,326.

1155

Bridge, TheEntente Cordiale,341.

1156

Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo,433.

1157

Baernreither andRedlich, Fragments,37.

1158

Bridge, Isvolsky, Aehrenthal,326.

1159

Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo, 2989.

1160

Lee, Europe's Crucial Years,326.

1161

McDonald, United Government,127.

1162

Cooper, British Policy intheBalkans,262.

1163

Taube, LaPolitique russe d'avant-guerre, 1857; Nicolson, Portrait ofaDiplomatist, 200; Lee, Europe's Crucial Years, 1845.

1164

Margutti, TheEmperor Francis Joseph,225.

1165

Hopman, Dasereignisreiche Leben, 1478.

1166

Reynolds, Shattering Empires,22.

1167

Schoen, Memoirs ofanAmbassador, 77; Bridge, Isvolsky, Aehrenthal, 3323.

1168

Fuller, Strategy andPower inRussia,419.

1169

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . I,373.

1170

Bridge, Isvolsky, Aehrenthal, 334; Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold, 1212.

1171

Bridge, Isvolsky, Aehrenthal,335.

1172

Fuller, Strategy andPower inRussia,419.

1173

Bridge, Isvolsky, Aehrenthal,334.

1174

,339.

1175

McMeekin, TheRussian Origins,225.

1176

Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo,437.

1177

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,144.

1178

McDonald, United Government, 13651.

1179

Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo, 4356.

1180

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . I,373, 37980; Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times,287.

1181

Bridge, TheHabsburg Monarchy,296.

1182

Steed, Through Thirty Years, 30814. IX,. 1, 695, 6713.

1183

Aehrenthal, AusdemNachlass,624.

1184

Sweet, TheBosnian Crisis, 1789.

1185

Eby, TheRoad toArmageddon,151.

1186

Otte, Almost aLaw ofNature?,92.

1187

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow, 14950.

1188

Menning, Dress Rehearsal for1914?,8.

1189

, 1115.

1190

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . I,374.

1191

Boghitschewitsch, Dieausw"artige Politik Serbiens, . III,78.

1192

Stevenson, Armaments, 11516.

1193

Boghitschewitsch, Dieausw"artige Politik Serbiens, . III, 93; Jelavich, Russia's Balkan Entanglements, 2412.

1194

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,137.

1195

Herrmann, TheArming ofEurope, 1235; Stevenson, Armaments,116.

1196

Heinrich, Geschichte inGespr"achen, 1245, 2212.

1197

Aehrenthal, AusdemNachlass,628.

1198

Musulin, DasHaus am Ballplatz,168.

1199

Stevenson, Armaments, 117 18, 1256.

1200

Turner, Role oftheGeneral Staffs, 306; Aehrenthal, AusdemNachlass,629.

1201

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . II,439.

1202

Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente,91.

1203

Herrmann, TheArming ofEurope, 11819.

1204

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,142.

1205

McDonald, United Government, 1414; Lee, Europe's Crucial Years, 1934.

1206

Sweet, TheBosnian Crisis, 1834; Nicolson, Portrait ofaDiplomatist,215.

1207

Sweet, TheBosnian Crisis, 1823; Heinrich, Geschichte inGespr"achen,169.

1208

Menning, Dress Rehearsal for1914?,7.

1209

BD,. V,576,603.

1210

Berghahn, Germany andtheApproach ofWar,81.

1211

Zedlitz-Tr"utzschler, Twelve Years attheImperial German Court,263.

1212

Afflerbach, DerDreibund,655.

1213

Jelavich, Russia's Balkan Entanglements,224.

1214

Fuller, TheRussian Empire,99.

1215

Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo,438.

1216

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,174.

1217

Carter, TheThree Emperors,371.

1218

Palmer, Twilight oftheHabsburgs,305.

1219

Epkenhans, Tirpitz, Kindle version, loc. 75564.

1220

Sondhaus, Franz Conrad vonH"otzendorf,96.

1221

Stevenson, Armaments, 122; Bridge, TheHabsburg Monarchy,295.

1222

Aehrenthal, AusdemNachlass,726.

1223

Fellner, DieMission Hoyos,115.

1224

Herrmann, TheArming ofEurope,131.

1225

Lieven, Nicholas II, 1934.

1226

Herrmann, TheArming ofEurope,131.

1227

Grey, Twenty-five Years, . I,182.

1228

Lieven, Russia andtheOrigins,37.

1229

Goldberg, Life ofJean Jaurus,470.

1230

Stevenson, Armaments,136.

1231

Cooper, British Policy intheBalkans,261.

1232

Stevenson, Armaments, 1313; Boghitschewitsch, Dieausw"artige Politik Serbiens, . III,77.

1233

Jelavich, Russia's Balkan Entanglements, 244; Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold, 33; Neklyudov, Diplomatic Reminiscences, 4650; Gieslingen, Zwei Jahrzehnte imNahen Orient,253.

1234

Cooper, British Policy intheBalkans,279.

1235

Barraclough, From Agadir toArmageddon, 12.

1236

Mortimer, Commercial Interests andGerman Diplomacy,454.

1237

Barraclough, From Agadir toArmageddon, 2; Cecil, Albert Ballin, 178; Massie, Dreadnought, 7257.

1238

Fesser, DerTraum vomPlatz, 141; Fischer, War ofIllusions, 745.

1239

Barraclough, From Agadir toArmageddon, 312.

1240

Keiger, Jules Cambon, 6423; Keiger, France andtheOrigins, 313.

1241

Hewitson, Germany andFrance,591.

1242

Berghahn, Germany andtheApproach ofWar,94.

1243

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . III,12.

1244

Cecil, Albert Ballin, 1223.

1245

Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor,16.

1246

,43.

1247

, 29n34.

1248

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . III,19.

1249

Cecil, Albert Ballin, 1223.

1250

Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor,68.

1251

, 257.

1252

, 279.

1253

,122.

1254

Fuller, Strategy andPower inRussia,422.

1255

Kessler, Journey totheAbyss,509.

1256

Rathenau andvonStrandmann, Walther Rathenau,134.

1257

Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor,121.

1258

Spitzemberg, DasTagebuch,545.

1259

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . II,464.

1260

Cecil, German Diplomatic Service, 31012.

1261

Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor,123.

1262

Herrmann, TheArming ofEurope,160.

1263

Allain, Joseph Caillaux, 3717.

1264

Hewitson, Germany andFrance, 5924.

1265

Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy,143.

1266

Barraclough, From Agadir toArmageddon, 1278.

1267

Stevenson, Armaments,183.

1268

Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor, 124; Mommsen, Domestic Factors,23.

1269

Crampton, August Bebel andtheBritish, 2212.

1270

Keiger, France andtheOrigins,35.

1271

Messimy, Mes Souvenirs, 645.

1272

,60.

1273

.

1274

Keiger, Jules Cambon, 646; Keiger, France andtheOrigins,35.

1275

Herrmann, TheArming ofEurope,153.

1276

Steiner andNeilson, Britain andtheOrigins,75.

1277

Neilson, Britain andtheLast Tsar,321.

1278

Rose, King George V, 1656.

1279

Weinroth, TheBritish Radicals,664.

1280

Neilson, Britain andtheLast Tsar,318.

1281

Wilson, TheAgadir Crisis, 51415; Dockrill, British Policy, 2745.

1282

BD,. VII, 392, 3713.

1283

TheTimes, 22 1911.

1284

Redlich, Schicksalsjahre "Osterreichs, 956.

1285

Fesser, DerTraum vomPlatz, 145; Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times, 31314.

1286

Callwell, Field-Marshal Sir Henry Wilson, . I,978.

1287

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow, 2446.

1288

Eubank, Paul Cambon, 139; Messimy, Mes Souvenirs,61.

1289

Jeffery, Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson, 99100.

1290

Riezler, Tageb"ucher, Aufs"atze, Dokumente,180.

1291

Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke,124.

1292

Barraclough, From Agadir toArmageddon,135.

1293

Fischer, War ofIllusions,83.

1294

Andrew, Th'eophile Delcass'e, 70n1.

1295

Rathenau andvonStrandmann, Walther Rathenau,157.

1296

Eubank, Paul Cambon,141.

1297

Grey, Twenty-five Years, . I,233.

1298

Stieve, Derdiplomatische Schriftwechsel Iswolskis, 1945.

1299

Steiner andNeilson, Britain andtheOrigins, 7980.

1300

, 8081.

1301

Messimy, Mes Souvenirs,68.

1302

Krumeich, Armaments andPolitics, 219.

1303

Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik, 2121.

1304

Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor,124.

1305

Beyens, Germany before theWar,61.

1306

Fesser, DerTraum vomPlatz,148.

1307

Craig, ThePolitics ofthePrussian Army,291.

1308

Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke,125.

1309

Ritter, TheSword andtheSceptre,172.

1310

Epkenhans, Tirpitz, Kindle version, loc. 8529.

1311

R"ohl, Admiral vonM"uller,656.

1312

Herwig, Imperial Germany, 812; Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke,131.

1313

Herrmann, TheArming ofEurope, 1616.

1314

Bosworth, Italy andtheApproach,57.

1315

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . I,342.

1316

Bosworth, Britain andItaly's Acquisition,683.

1317

Bosworth, Italy andtheApproach,10.

1318

, 389.

1319

Gooch, Italy before 1915, 222. 86. , 2258. 87. ,206.

1320

Bosworth, Italy andtheApproach, 68; Gooch, Italy before 1915, 21617.

1321

Bosworth, Italy andtheApproach,34.

1322

,36.

1323

Gooch, Italy before 1915,209.

1324

BD,. IX,. 1, 257, 28991.

1325

BD,. IX,. 1, 241, 2789.

1326

Barraclough, From Agadir toArmageddon, 1434.

1327

Haupt, Socialism andtheGreat War, 5862.

1328

BD,. IX,. 1, 250,284.

1329

Rossos, Russia andtheBalkans,35.

1330

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . I,346; Barraclough, From Agadir toArmageddon, 1445.

1331

BD,. VII, 763, 7889.

1332

Cambon, Correspondance, . III,7.

1333

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . I,357.

1334

Trotsky, TheBalkan Wars, 36061.

1335

Hoetzendorf, Mein Leben mitConrad vonH"otzendorf,105.

1336

Aehrenthal, AusdemNachlass,232.

1337

Trotsky, TheBalkan Wars,72.

1338

Dedijer, TheRoad toSarajevo, 17980.

1339

Jelavich, History oftheBalkans,110.

1340

Rossos, Russia andtheBalkans, 345.

1341

Trotsky, TheBalkan Wars,80.

1342

BD,. IX,. 1, 249, 2834.

1343

Helmreich, TheDiplomacy, 2930.

1344

, 323.

1345

,33.

1346

Thaden, Russia andtheBalkan Alliance, 278.

1347

Neklyudov, Diplomatic Reminiscences, 38 9.

1348

,45.

1349

, 8081.

1350

Helmreich, TheDiplomacy, 624,67.

1351

BD,. IX,. 1, 570,568.

1352

Fischer, War ofIllusions,150.

1353

BD,. IX,. 2, 5, 34.

1354

Helmreich, TheDiplomacy, 1415.

1355

Trotsky, TheBalkan Wars, 656.

1356

Rossos, Russia andtheBalkans,79.

1357

Helmreich, TheDiplomacy, 2034.

1358

Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente,92.

1359

Thaden, Russia andtheBalkan Alliance, 11617; Jelavich, Russia's Balkan Entanglements,231.

1360

Thaden, Russia andtheBalkan Alliance, 118; Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . I,41213.

1361

, , 19071914,141.

1362

Neilson, Britain andtheLast Tsar, 3289.

1363

Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente,92.

1364

Jelavich, Russia's Balkan Entanglements,203.

1365

Bodger, Russia andtheEnd,84.

1366

Thaden, Russia andtheBalkan Alliance,132.

1367

Bodger, Russia andtheEnd,79.

1368

Rossos, Russia andtheBalkans,85.

1369

Sazonov, Fateful Years, 4950; Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold, 234n.

1370

Taube, LaPolitique russe d'avant-guerre, 2257.

1371

Sazonov, Fateful Years,54.

1372

BD,. IX,. 1, 711, 6835; Helmreich, TheDiplomacy, 1545.

1373

Sazonov, Fateful Years,78.

1374

,80.

1375

Rossos, Russia andtheBalkans,102.

1376

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,119.

1377

, 4845.

1378

Musulin, DasHaus am Ballplatz,178.

1379

Vermes, Istv'an Tisza,199.

1380

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,246.

1381

Cs'aky, VomGeachteten zumGeachteten, 129; Leslie, "Osterreich-Ungarn,663.

1382

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . I,385.

1383

, 3834.

1384

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,176.

1385

. Bertie toGrey, 29 1912, BD, . IX,. 1, 671, 6535.

1386

BD,vol. Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold, 323; Afflerbach, DerDreibund, 7313; Williamson, Austria-Hungary,127.

1387

Heinrich, Geschichte inGespr"achen,380.

1388

Helmreich, TheDiplomacy, 21415.

1389

Boghitschewitsch, Dieausw"artige Politik Serbiens, . III,159.

1390

Sondhaus, Franz Conrad vonH"otzendorf,124.

1391

Helmreich, TheDiplomacy,153.

1392

Williamson, Austria-Hungary, 132; Bucholz, Moltke, Schlieffen,276.

1393

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold, 323; Afflerbach, DerDreibund, 7313; Williamson, Austria-Hungary,127.

1394

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,328.

1395

Williamson, Austria-Hungary,132.

1396

Sazonov, Fateful Years,78.

1397

Herrmann, TheArming ofEurope,178.

1398

BD,. IX,. 2, 303, 2278.

1399

.

1400

Rossos, Russia andtheBalkans, 1045.

1401

Herrmann, TheArming ofEurope,178.

1402

Fischer, War ofIllusions, 1556.

1403

R"ohl, Admiral vonM"uller,659.

1404

Fischer, War ofIllusions, 1578.

1405

R"ohl, Admiral vonM"uller, 664; Bucholz, Moltke, Schlieffen, 2767.

1406

TheTimes, 22 1912.

1407

Helmreich, TheDiplomacy,216.

1408

Sondhaus, Franz Conrad vonH"otzendorf, 12021.

1409

Williamson, Austria-Hungary, 13031.

1410

Fischer, War ofIllusions, 15861.

1411

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,388.

1412

Williamson, Austria-Hungary, 13031.

1413

Grey, Twenty-Five Years, . I,256.

1414

Helmreich, TheDiplomacy,250.

1415

Eubank, Paul Cambon,161.

1416

Crampton, TheDecline, 3934.

1417

BD,. IX,. 2, 626,506.

1418

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,377.

1419

,381.

1420

Williamson, Austria-Hungary, 134; Helmreich, TheDiplomacy, 2824.

1421

Williamson, Austria-Hungary, 136; Helmreich, TheDiplomacy, 2967.

1422

Crampton, TheDecline, 395 .12.

1423

Helmreich, TheDiplomacy, 31314.

1424

Williamson, Austria-Hungary, 13940. 94. Sondhaus, Franz Conrad vonH"otzendorf,123.

1425

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,471.

1426

Cambon, Correspondance, . III,27.

1427

Jelavich, Russia's Balkan Entanglements, 2468.

1428

Williamson, Austria-Hungary,151.

1429

Vermes, Istv'an Tisza,203.

1430

,131.

1431

Stone, Hungary andtheJulyCrisis,157.

1432

Leslie, TheAntecedents, 3234.

1433

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold, 498; Williamson, Austria-Hungary, 1334.

1434

Crampton, TheDecline, 41719.

1435

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . I,4834.

1436

Helmreich, TheDiplomacy,428.

1437

Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo, 3667.

1438

,442.

1439

Williamson, Austria-Hungary, 1545.

1440

Afflerbach, DerDreibund,748.

1441

Sondhaus, Franz Conrad vonH"otzendorf,129.

1442

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,513.

1443

,312.

1444

Herrmann, TheArming ofEurope,179.

1445

Williamson, Austria Hungary, 135; Leslie, TheAntecedents, 3523.

1446

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, vol.I,4834.

1447

Crampton, TheHollow Detente,172.

1448

Haupt, Socialism andtheGreat War,107.

1449

Cooper, Patriotic Pacifism, 15960.

1450

Kennan, TheOther Balkan Wars,271.

1451

BD,. X,. 2, 476, 7023.

1452

Rose, King George V, 1667.

1453

McLean, Royalty andDiplomacy,197.

1454

Craig, Germany, 18661945, 295; Herwig, Imperial Germany,84.

1455

Kiessling, Gegen denGrossen Krieg?, 1956.

1456

Rosen, Forty Years ofDiplomacy,154.

1457

Brusilov, ASoldier's Notebook, 34.

1458

Gildea, Barricades andBorders,419.

1459

Rogger, Russia in1914,96.

1460

Sazonov, Fateful Years,80.

1461

Miliukov andMendel, Political Memoirs,284.

1462

Kokovtsov, Out ofMy Past,296.

1463

,361.

1464

Figes, APeople's Tragedy,216.

1465

, 2415.

1466

Rogger, Russia in1914, 956.

1467

, 1012.

1468

Geyer, Russian Imperialism, 24954.

1469

, 2745.

1470

Lieven, Nicholas II,168.

1471

Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo,371.

1472

Hewitson, Germany andFrance, 578; Kiessling, Gegen denGrossen Krieg?,196.

1473

Tanenbaum, French Estimates, 1678.

1474

Kessler, Journey totheAbyss,609.

1475

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince vonBulow, . III, 33; Cecil, German Diplomatic Service,317.

1476

Spitzemberg, DasTagebuch,563.

1477

Stevenson, Armaments, 2869.

1478

R"ohl, TheKaiser andHis Court, 1734; R"ohl, Admiral vonM"uller, 661; Stevenson, Armaments, 2523.

1479

Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke,145.

1480

Herwig, Imperial Germany,84.

1481

R"ohl, Admiral vonM"uller, 665; Balfour, TheKaiser andHis Times, 33940; Tanenbaum, French Estimates,169.

1482

Stevenson, Armaments, 31620. 33. Krumeich, Armaments andPolitics, .2.

1483

Stevenson, Armaments,221.

1484

Doughty, France,163.

1485

,162.

1486

Weber, TheNationalist Revival inFrance,97.

1487

, 945,102.

1488

Kessler, Journey totheAbyss,580.

1489

German Foreign Office, Diegrosse Politik, . XXXIX,292.

1490

Nolan, TheInverted Mirror, 40, 823.

1491

Stevenson, Armaments,222.

1492

Keiger, Raymond Poincar'e, 1223, 13031.

1493

,145.

1494

Williams, Tiger ofFrance,286.

1495

, 1114, 247,154.

1496

,147.

1497

Adamthwaite, Grandeur andMisery, 8; Hughes, Policies andPotentates, 2237.

1498

Hayne, French Foreign Office,274.

1499

Cambon, Correspondance; , III,39.

1500

Keiger, Raymond Poincar'e,151.

1501

Hayne, French Foreign Office,238.

1502

Keiger, Raymond Poincar'e, 1557.

1503

Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik, 2367.

1504

, 23840.

1505

Williamson, German Perceptions,206.

1506

Goldberg, Life ofJean Jaurus,439.

1507

Sazonov, Fateful Years,56.

1508

Rose, King George V,80.

1509

,71.

1510

Clifford, TheAsquiths, 23.

1511

, 1314.

1512

Haldane, AnAutobiography,111.

1513

Clifford, TheAsquiths,186.

1514

,145.

1515

Adam, Bonar Law, 1079.

1516

Jeffery, Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson, 11516.

1517

BD,. X,. 2, 537, 78083.

1518

Churchill, TheWorld Crisis, . I,185; Dangerfield, TheStrange Death,366.

1519

Leslie, "Osterreich-Ungarn, 66970. 71. Afflerbach, DerDreibund, 7934, 8068, 81011.

1520

Angelow, DerWeg indieKatastrophe,26.

1521

Wandruszka andUrbanitsch, DieHabsburgermonarchie, 3312; Bridge, From Sadowa toSarajevo, 3645.

1522

Bodger, Russia andtheEnd,88.

1523

Herwig, Imperial Germany,87.

1524

Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor,117.

1525

Sazonov, Fateful Years, 434; Kokovtsov, Out ofMy Past, 3213.

1526

Stieve, Derdiplomatische Schriftwechsel Iswolskis, 1718.

1527

McLean, Royalty andDiplomacy, 678.

1528

Shatsillo, Ot Portsmutskogo, 2724; Stevenson, Armaments, 3439.

1529

Churchill, TheWorld Crisis, . I,178; Grey, Twenty-Five Years, . I,269.

1530

Grey, Twenty-Five Years, . I,195.

1531

Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente,68.

1532

Spring, Russia andtheFranco-Russian Alliance, 584; Robbins, Sir Edward Grey,271.

1533

Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik, 26676.

1534

, 2523, 2589.

1535

Jeffery, Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson,103.

1536

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow,253.

1537

Churchill, TheWorld Crisis, . I,118.

1538

Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy,274.

1539

Churchill, TheWorld Crisis, . I,119.

1540

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow, 2546, 2656.

1541

Churchill, TheWorld Crisis, . I,113.

1542

Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy, 32025.

1543

BD,. X,. 2, 416, 61415.

1544

Esher, Journals andLetters, . III,331.

1545

BD,. X,. 2, 400, 6012.

1546

Robbins, Sir Edward Grey,285.

1547

Rose, King George V,164.

1548

Bridge, TheEntente Cordiale,350.

1549

Angelow, DerWeg indieKatastrophe, 6061.

1550

Stevenson, Armaments, 29.

1551

,4.

1552

Herrmann, TheArming ofEurope,207.

1553

Epkenhans, Tirpitz, Kindle version, loc.862.

1554

Kiessling, Gegen denGrossen Krieg?, 678.

1555

Heywood, TheMost Catastrophic Question,56.

1556

F"orster, ImReich desAbsurden,233.

1557

Stevenson, Armaments, 3589; Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik, 20811, 2424.

1558

Herwig, Imperial Germany,88.

1559

Brusilov, ASoldier's Notebook,1.

1560

Kiessling, Gegen denGrossen Krieg?, 434.

1561

Grey, Twenty-Five Years, . I,292.

1562

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,458.

1563

Sondhaus, Franz Conrad vonH"otzendorf, 134; Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold, 2523; Kronenbitter, Nurlos lassen,39.

1564

McDonald, United Government, 199201.

1565

Leslie, TheAntecedents, 3346, 3389.

1566

Churchill, TheWorld Crisis, . I,95.

1567

Haldane, Before theWar, 336.

1568

Cecil, Wilhelm II,172.

1569

Cecil, Albert Ballin, 18296.

1570

Hopman, Dasereignisreiche Leben, 20910.

1571

Cecil, Wilhelm II, 1723.

1572

House andSeymour, TheIntimate Papers, . I,249.

1573

Marder, From theDreadnought toScapa Flow, 2834; Maurer, Churchill's Naval Holiday, 10910.

1574

Brinker-Gabler, K"ampferin fur denFrieden,167.

1575

Haupt, Socialism andtheGreat War,108.

1576

Poincar'e, Au Service delaFrance, . IV,1734.

1577

Geinitz, Kriegsfurcht undKampfbereitschaft, 5053.

1578

Cecil, Wilhelm II,198.

1579

Massie, Dreadnought, 8523; Cecil, Wilhelm II, 198; Geiss, July1914,69.

1580

Smith, One Morning inSarajevo,40.

1581

Dedijer, TheRoad toSarajevo, 1758, 2089, 217 .10, .

1582

,197.

1583

.

1584

, 3735; Jelavich, What theHabsburg Government Knew, 1345.

1585

Dedijer, TheRoad toSarajevo, 294301, 309; Jelavich, What theHabsburg Government Knew,136.

1586

Leslie, TheAntecedents, 368; Funder, VomGestern ins Heute, 483; Dedijer, TheRoad toSarajevo, 4057, 40910.

1587

Kronenbitter, Krieg imFrieden, 459; Dedijer, TheRoad toSarajevo, 312; Funder, VomGestern ins Heute,484.

1588

Dedijer, TheRoad toSarajevo, 1116,316.

1589

Margutti, TheEmperor Francis Joseph, 1389.

1590

Smith, One Morning inSarajevo, 214; Hopman, Dasereignisreiche Leben, 381; Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . II,11719; Hoetzsch, Dieinternationalen Beziehungen, 1067.

1591

Stone, Hungary andtheJulyCrisis, 15960.

1592

Kronenbitter, Krieg imFrieden, 46062.

1593

Sondhaus, Franz Conrad vonH"otzendorf, 140; Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold, 5589.

1594

Musulin, DasHaus am Ballplatz,226.

1595

Leslie, TheAntecedents,320.

1596

Wank, Desperate Counsel, 295; Leslie, "Osterreich-Ungarn,664.

1597

Leslie, "Osterreich-Ungarn,665.

1598

Stone, Hungary andtheJulyCrisis,161.

1599

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . II,15055.

1600

Leslie, TheAntecedents, 37580.

1601

Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold,559.

1602

Bittner andUbersberger, "Osterreich-Ungarns Aussenpolitik,248.

1603

Fellner, DieMission Hoyos, 122; Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . II,12930.

1604

Turner, Role oftheGeneral Staffs,308.

1605

Bittner andUbersberger, "Osterreich-Ungarns Aussenpolitik, 252; Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . II,1335.

1606

Fellner, DieMission Hoyos, 1256,137.

1607

., : Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . II,13748; Geiss, July1914, 7080; Kronenbitter, Nurlos lassen,182.

1608

S"osemann, DieTageb"ucher Kurt Riezlers,185.

1609

Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke, 1689,177.

1610

Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor, 1535.

1611

Mommsen, TheDebate onGerman War Aims, 60n16.

1612

Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke, 1689.

1613

Cecil, Wilhelm II, 172; D"ulffer, Kriegserwartung undKriegsbild, 785; Joll andMartel, TheOrigins oftheFirst World War, 274; F"orster, ImReich desAbsurden, 2512; Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke, 177,181.

1614

F"orster, ImReich desAbsurden,233.

1615

Wolff, Tageb"ucher 19141919, 635.

1616

Bach, Deutsche Gesandtschaftsberichte,63.

1617

Groener, Lebenserinnerungen,140.

1618

Stevenson, Armaments, 3634; Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke,182.

1619

Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke,135.

1620

,173.

1621

Herwig, From Tirpitz Plan toSchlieffen Plan, 58; Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke, 15960, 21213.

1622

Lichnowsky andDelmer, Heading fortheAbyss, 37980n.

1623

S"osemann, DieTageb"ucher Kurt Riezlers,183.

1624

Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor,105.

1625

Herwig, Imperial Germany, 80; S"osemann, DieTageb"ucher Kurt Riezlers, 1834.

1626

S"osemann, DieTageb"ucher Kurt Riezlers, 1845; Lichnowsky andDelmer, Heading fortheAbyss,392.

1627

Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke, 195n44; Lichnowsky andDelmer, Heading fortheAbyss, 381; S"osemann, DieTageb"ucher Kurt Riezlers,184.

1628

Fesser, DerTraum vomPlatz,181.

1629

Lichnowsky andDelmer, Heading fortheAbyss,381.

1630

Turner, Role oftheGeneral Staffs, 312; Geiss, July1914,65.

1631

Fischer, War ofIllusions, 478; Cecil, Wilhelm II, 1936.

1632

Joll, 1914,8.

1633

Kronenbitter, DieMacht derIllusionen, 531; Williamson, Austria-Hungary, 199200.

1634

Bittner andUbersberger, "Osterreich-Ungarns Aussenpolitik,248.

1635

Geiss, July1914, 8087; Sondhaus, Franz Conrad vonH"otzendorf, 141; Williamson, Austria-Hungary, 1979.

1636

Stone, Hungary andtheJulyCrisis, 1668; Vermes, Istv'an Tisza, 226; Leslie, TheAntecedents,343.

1637

Geiss, July1914, 11415.

1638

Jelavich, What theHabsburg Government Knew,133.

1639

Williamson, Austria-Hungary, 200201; Geiss, July1914, 9092.

1640

Williamson, Austria-Hungary,201.

1641

Jelavich, Russia's Balkan Entanglements,256.

1642

BD,. XI,56, 445.

1643

Turner, Role oftheGeneral Staffs, 312; Fischer, War ofIllusions, 4789; Geiss, July1914, 8990.

1644

Hoetzsch, Dieinternationalen Beziehungen, . IV,3012; Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor, 1612; Hertling andLerchenfeld-K"ofering, Briefwechsel Hertling-Lerchenfeld,307.

1645

BD,. XI,27, 1920; 45, 37; Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . II,2725.

1646

Gieslingen, Zwei Jahrzehnte imNahen Orient, 25761; Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . II,2769.

1647

Williamson, Austria-Hungary,201.

1648

Macartney, TheHabsburg Empire, 808n.

1649

Austro-Hungarian Gemeinsamer Ministerrat, Protokolle desGemeinsamen Ministerrates, 15054; Williamson, Austria-Hungary,203.

1650

Vermes, Istv'an Tisza, 2323.

1651

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . II,265.

1652

Geiss, July1914, 142, 14950,154.

1653

Macartney, TheHabsburg Empire, 808n; Hantsch, Leopold Graf Berchtold, 6023. Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . II,2869.

1654

Gieslingen, Zwei Jahrzehnte imNahen Orient, 2678; Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . II,346; Bittner andUbersberger, "Osterreich-Ungarns Aussenpolitik, 65963; Cornwall, Serbia, 724.

1655

BD,. XI,92, 74; 107, 85; Stokes, Serbian Documents from 1914, 714; Cornwall, Serbia, 759,82.

1656

Kronenbitter, DieMacht derIllusionen, 536; Kronenbitter, Nurlos lassen,159.

1657

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . II,3735; Gieslingen, Zwei Jahrzehnte imNahen Orient, 26872.

1658

MacKenzie andMacKenzie, TheDiary ofBeatrice Webb, . III, 2035.

1659

Kessler, Journey totheAbyss, 63140.

1660

Mombauer, AReluctant Military Leader?,422.

1661

Lieven, Nicholas II,198.

1662

, Russian Foreign Policy February June1914, 100101.

1663

Lieven, Russia andtheOrigins,49.

1664

Rogger, Russia in1914, 989.

1665

Shukman, Rasputin,58.

1666

Bridge, TheBritish Declaration ofWar, 4034.

1667

Brock andBrock, H. H. Asquith, 93, 1223.

1668

Rose, King George V, 1578.

1669

Hazlehurst, Politicians atWar,31.

1670

Messimy, Mes Souvenirs, 1267.

1671

Cronin, Paris ontheEve, 4279.

1672

Afflerbach, TheTopos ofImprobable War,179.

1673

Doughty, France,149.

1674

Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik, 2712, 27883.

1675

, 2658.

1676

Goldberg, Life ofJean Jaurus,460.

1677

Poincar'e, Au Service delaFrance, 2246,230.

1678

Krumeich, Armaments andPolitics, 217; Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik,283.

1679

Figes, APeople's Tragedy, 232; , 50 ,423.

1680

Poincar'e, Au Service delaFrance, 259, 26970; Krumeich, Armaments andPolitics, 291n153.

1681

Poincar'e, Au Service delaFrance, 2467.

1682

BD,. IX,101, 8082.

1683

, 2535; Williamson, Austria-Hungary,203.

1684

Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik,78.

1685

Hoetzsch, Dieinternationalen Beziehungen, . IV,128.

1686

Bridge, How theWar Began,27.

1687

Lieven, Nicholas II, 201; Lieven, Russia andtheOrigins, 1089.

1688

Turner, TheRussian Mobilization,74.

1689

,78.

1690

Hayne, French Foreign Office, 11621; Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik, 2278; Cairns, International Politics,285.

1691

BD,. IX,101, 802.

1692

Turner, TheRussian Mobilization, 81,83.

1693

Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik, 8991.

1694

Doughty, France, 1467.

1695

Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik, 2024.

1696

Bittner andUbersberger, "Osterreich-Ungarns Aussenpolitik,805.

1697

Bark, 1914., 324; Bridge, How theWar Began, 3032; , , 19071914, 21314.

1698

BD,. IX,125, 934.

1699

Turner, TheRussian Mobilization, 767.

1700

, 77,80.

1701

Rosen, Forty Years ofDiplomacy,163.

1702

Stengers, Belgium,158.

1703

Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik, 33542; Poincar'e, Au Service delaFrance, 288; Krumeich, Armaments andPolitics, 21920.

1704

Turner, TheRussian Mobilization, 823; Poincar'e, Au Service delaFrance, 302; Doughty, French Strategy in1914,443.

1705

Lichnowsky andDelmer, Heading fortheAbyss,375.

1706

Nicolson, Portrait ofaDiplomatist,295.

1707

,301.

1708

Bridge, TheBritish Declaration ofWar, 407; Haldane, AnAutobiography, 2889; Cecil, Albert Ballin, 2059.

1709

Bridge, TheBritish Declaration ofWar, 408; Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente, 1356; BD, . XI,91, 734; 104, 834.

1710

Geiss, July1914, 1834.

1711

B"ulow, Memoirs ofPrince VonBulow, . III, 1223.

1712

Lichnowsky andDelmer, Heading fortheAbyss, 368469.

1713

Nicolson, Portrait ofaDiplomatist,301.

1714

Hobhouse, Inside Asquith's Cabinet, 1767; Robbins, Sir Edward Grey, 28990.

1715

BD,. IX,185,128.

1716

BD,. IX,170, 1201.

1717

BD,. IX,216,148.

1718

Eubank, Paul Cambon,171.

1719

,169.

1720

Trumpener, WarPremeditated?, 667; Bittner andUbersberger, "Osterreich-Ungarns Aussenpolitik, 739,741.

1721

Cecil, Wilhelm II, 2023.

1722

Bridge, Russia,52.

1723

BD,. IX,135, 99; 147, 103; TheTimes, 27 1914; Bark, 1914., 26; Bittner andUbersberger, "Osterreich-Ungarns Aussenpolitik, 759; Verhey, Spirit of1914, 2831.

1724

BD,. XI,162, 116; 245, 16061.

1725

Renzi, Italy's Neutrality, 141920.

1726

, 14212.

1727

Hobhouse, Inside Asquith's Cabinet,177.

1728

Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy,345.

1729

Afflerbach, Wilhelm II asSupreme Warlord,432.

1730

, , 19071914, 21819.

1731

Geiss, July1914,283.

1732

Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor,171.

1733

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, vol.II,46061.

1734

Vermes, Istv'an Tisza,234.

1735

Rosen, Forty Years ofDiplomacy,163.

1736

Zweig, TheWorld ofYesterday, 2435.

1737

BD,. XI,270, 174; Poincar'e, Au Service delaFrance,368.

1738

Keiger, Raymond Poincar'e,171.

1739

Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik, 33542; Turner, TheRussian Mobilization,83.

1740

Schmidt, Frankreichs Aussenpolitik, 3457; Herwig, TheMarne,17.

1741

Lieven, Nicholas II, 199200.

1742

Geiss, July1914, 26061.

1743

.

1744

Bridge, Russia, 50; Turner, TheRussian Mobilization,86.

1745

, 878.

1746

, 78; Geiss, July1914,291.

1747

Cimbala, Steering through Rapids,387.

1748

Bridge, How theWar Began, 65Memories ofaShipwrecked World, 2023.

1749

Cecil, Wilhelm II, 2045.

1750

Geiss, July1914, 2845; Fuller, Strategy andPower inRussia, 447; Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor, 1689.

1751

Ekstein andSteiner, TheSarajevo Crisis, 404; Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy,347.

1752

Hankey, TheSupreme Command, 1546.

1753

Geiss, July1914, 28890.

1754

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . II,300302; Geiss, July1914, 2967; Turner, TheRussian Mobilization,86.

1755

Verhey, Spirit of1914, 1720.

1756

, 536. 22. Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor, 1512, 164, 1689.

1757

Geiss, July1914, 2912, 3089.

1758

Turner, Role ofGeneral Staffs,315.

1759

.

1760

Austro-Hungarian Gemeinsamer Ministerrat, Protokolle desGemeinsamen Ministerrates, 1567.

1761

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . II,66970.

1762

Geiss, July1914,323.

1763

Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke, 199200; Hewitson, Germany andtheCauses, 197; Turner, Role ofGeneral Staffs, 31415.

1764

Cecil, Wilhelm II,204.

1765

BD,. XI,293, 1856.

1766

BD,. XI,303, 193; Robbins, Sir Edward Grey, 2934.

1767

Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente, 1403; Hazlehurst, Politicians atWar, 847.

1768

Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy,349.

1769

BD,. XI,369, 2289.

1770

TheTimes, 29, 30 31 1914.

1771

Bucholz, Moltke, Schlieffen, 28081.

1772

Bach, Deutsche Gesandtschaftsberichte,107.

1773

Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke,205.

1774

,208.

1775

,206.

1776

Herwig, Imperial Germany, 95; Fischer, War ofIllusions, 5024.

1777

Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor, 174; Verhey, Spirit of1914, 5960.

1778

Stone, V. Moltke Conrad, 21617.

1779

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, 67071; Williamson, Austria-Hungary, 2068.

1780

Stone, V. Moltke Conrad,217.

1781

Afflerbach, Wilhelm II asSupreme Warlord, 433n22.

1782

Verhey, Spirit of1914, 4650, 624, 68, 71; Stargardt, TheGerman Idea ofMilitarism, 1459.

1783

Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke, 21620.

1784

Groener, Lebenserinnerungen, 1412, 1456.

1785

Mombauer, Helmuth vonMoltke, 21924.

1786

, 2234.

1787

Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor, 1745.

1788

TheTimes, 1 1914.

1789

BD,. XI,510, 2835.

1790

Robbins, Sir Edward Grey, 295; Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente, 1367; Brock andBrock, H. H. Asquith,38.

1791

DDF, 3- , 532, 4245; BD, . IX,447,260.

1792

Nicolson, Portrait ofaDiplomatist,304.

1793

Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy, 353n34; Nicolson, Portrait ofaDiplomatist, 3045; Hazlehurst, Politicians atWar,88.

1794

, Papers ofSir Eyre Alexander Barby Wichart Crowe, MS Eng. E. 3020, 12.

1795

Bridge, Russia, 769.

1796

, Ѡ ,110.

1797

Lieven, Nicholas II,203.

1798

Goldberg, Life ofJean Jaurus, 4634.

1799

, 4657; Joll, TheSecond International, 1626.

1800

Goldberg, Life ofJean Jaurus, 46972.

1801

Poincar'e, Au Service delaFrance, 4323.

1802

Keiger, Raymond Poincar'e, 1747; Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, vol.III, 8891.

1803

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . III, 85, 89; Krumeich, Armaments andPolitics,227.

1804

Albertini, TheOrigins oftheWar, . III, 1067; Keiger, Raymond Poincar'e, 18082.

1805

Keiger, Raymond Poincar'e,189.

1806

Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente, 147n82; Lichnowsky andDelmer, Heading fortheAbyss,422.

1807

Adam, Bonar Law,170.

1808

Hazlehurst, Politicians atWar, 967; Brock andBrock, H. H. Asquith, 145; Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente, 136ff.

1809

Hankey, TheSupreme Command, 1612; Hazlehurst, Politicians atWar, 97100.

1810

Geiss, July1914,231.

1811

Stengers, Belgium, 1525.

1812

, 1613.

1813

BD,. XI,670, 34950; Tuchman, TheGuns ofAugust, 1078; TheTimes, 4 1914.

1814

Brock andBrock, H. H. Asquith,150.

1815

Grey, Twenty-Five Years, . II,1213.

1816

Robbins, Sir Edward Grey,296.

1817

Grey, Twenty-Five Years, . II,20; Nicolson, Portrait ofaDiplomatist, 3056.

1818

Grey, Twenty-Five Years, . II,3212; Wilson, ThePolicy oftheEntente, 1456; , , , 5- , . LXV, 1914, cols 180934; TheTimes, 4 1914.

1819

Hazlehurst, Politicians atWar, 32; Grigg, Lloyd George,154.

1820

BD,. IX,147, 24041; Schoen, Memoirs ofanAmbassador, 200201,204.

1821

Krumeich, Armaments andPolitics,229.

1822

TheTimes, 5 1914.

1823

Joll, TheSecond International, 1716.

1824

Hollweg, Reflections ontheWorld War, 158n; Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor, 1767; BD, . XI,671, 35054.

1825

Jarausch, TheEnigmatic Chancellor,181.

1826

Cecil, Wilhelm II, 2089.

1827

Williamson, Politics ofGrand Strategy,361.

1828

Gregory, Walter Hines Page, 512.

1829

,151.

1830

Joll, 1914,15.

1831

Lubbock, Letters ofHenry James,389.

1832

Morison, Letters ofTheodore Roosevelt,790.

1833

Bosworth, Italy andtheApproach,78.

1834

Brock andBrock, H. H. Asquith, 130n2.

1835

Bond, TheVictorian Army andtheStaff College, 2945,303.

1836

Strachan, TheFirst World War, . I,23942.

1837

, 2789.

1838

Kessler, Journey totheAbyss, 8578.

1839

Smith, One Morning inSarajevo, 2648.

1840

Fuller, TheFoe Within, .8, .

1841

Craig, Germany, 18661945,368.

1842

Cecil, Wilhelm II, 21012.

1843

,296.

1844

Joll, 1914,6.

1845

. Cecil, Wilhelm II, .1416.


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